Validity of the PAI interpersonal scales for measuring the dimensions of the interpersonal circumplex.
ABSTRACT Two studies evaluated the validity of the interpersonal scales, Dominance (DOM) and Warmth (WRM), from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991, 2007) to measure the 2 dimensions of the interpersonal circumplex (IPC). In Study 1, 114 college freshmen completed the PAI and the Interpersonal Adjectives Scale (IAS; Wiggins, 1995). In Study 2, 170 college students completed the PAI and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Short Circumplex (IIP-SC; Soldz, Budman, Demby, & Merry, 1995). The results of both studies supported the convergent validity of DOM and WRM, although discriminant validity was stronger using the IIP-SC as the criterion. Circumplex projections placed DOM and WRM in the appropriate segments of both the IAS and IIP-SC. These findings provide additional support for the validity of the PAI interpersonal scales as measures of the primary dimensions of the IPC.
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ABSTRACT: The eventual aim of the research reported here is the development of a comprehensive taxonomy of trait-descriptive terms in the English language. Building on earlier work of G. W. Allport, W. T. Norman, and L. R. Goldberg, preliminary a priori distinctions were made among different domains of trait categories. General procedures for developing structured taxonomies within domains are illustrated with reference to the interpersonal domain. Theoretical considerations dictated the definition of the universe of content, the choice of measurement model, and the procedures for classifying terms within the domain. Eight adjectival scales were developed as markers of the principal vectors of the interpersonal domain. The substantive, structural, and psychometric characteristics of these scales were found to be highly satisfactory. Hence, they may prove useful both as assessment devices in their own right and as reference points for the classification of variables in personality and social psychology. (63 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 02/1979; 37(3):395-412. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This article examined the applicability of the interpersonal circumplex (IC) to the observable social behaviors of children during parent-child interactions. In Study 1, the observational ratings of behaviors of 117 children (mean age = 9.88 years) were examined. Randomization tests of hypothesized order relations found that these behaviors tended to occur in the circular pattern predicted by the IC. To illustrate the applicability of the IC to children's behavior, Study 2 (n = 94) used the circular structure of children's behavior to longitudinally examine children's participation in two risk behaviors, smoking cigarettes and consuming alcohol. Results indicated that children who behaved in an arrogant-calculating manner were at risk for smoking cigarettes and children who behaved in an assured-dominate manner were at risk for drinking alcohol 1 year later. Implications of these results are discussed in terms of their relevance for helping researchers better understand and categorize children's interpersonal behaviors.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 05/2005; 31(4):549-59. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex (IIP-C; Alden, Wiggins, & Pincus, 1990) is a commonly used measure, and the Short Circumplex Version (IIP-SC; Soldz, Budman, Demby, & Merry, 1995) provides a potentially valuable and economical method for personality assessment researchers. However, despite the common use of the IIP-C with college students, the psychometric characteristics of the IIP-SC have not been established in a college student sample. This study provides reliability, structural validity, concurrent validity, and descriptive data for the IIP-SC in two samples of undergraduate students.Journal of Personality Assessment 11/2008; 90(6):615-8. · 1.29 Impact Factor