Effect of previous statin use on the incidence of sustained ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey.
Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology (Impact Factor: 0.72). 02/2011; 11(1):22-8. DOI: 10.5152/akd.2011.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Recent studies suggest that statins have anti-arrhythmic effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of statins on sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (S-VT or VF) in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
The population of this study consisted of consecutive patients admitted to coronary care unit. It was an observational case-controlled retrospective analysis performed on prospective cohort. From a total of 1000 patients presenting with ACS, 241 were on and 759 were not on statin. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics and previous medical treatment including statins were recorded. A S-VT or VF episode during hospitalization was accepted as endpoint. Multiple logistic regression model was performed which considered the occurrence of S-VT or VF as the response variable.
Sustained VT or VF occurred in 3.3% of patients in statin group and in 9% of patients in non-statin group. Univariate positive predictors of S-VT or VF were ST elevation myocardial infarction as clinical presentation, smoking and thrombolysis; univariate negative predictors of S-VT or VF were ejection fraction, use of acetylsalicylic acid before hospitalization, use of statin before hospitalization, initiation of clopidogrel at the hospital and normal coronary arteries. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, the only independent predictor of S-VT or VF was ejection fraction (OR 0.96; 95% CI 0.93 to 0.99; p=0.005).
Our results indicate that, although the incidence of S-VT/VF was significantly lower in patients with ACS and previous statin use; statin use is not an independent predictor of the occurrence of S-VT or VF in patients presenting with ACS.

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in the setting of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) carries an ominous prognosis; however, long-term prognosis associated with VA in ACS in the Middle East is unknown. Accordingly, we sought to assess the incidence, in-hospital outcomes, and 1-year mortality of in-hospital VA in patients with ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Second Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE-2) is a multinational observational study of patients with ACS, which enrolled 7930 patients. Of these, 333 (4.2%) developed VA during hospitalization. Patients with VA were significantly older (mean age 58.3 vs. 56.8 years), and had a significantly higher rate of prior stroke/transient ischemic attack (7.5 vs. 4.2%), smoking (36.6 vs. 35.6%), congestive heart failure (11.0 vs. 6.5%), and peripheral artery disease (6.5 vs. 1.7%), compared with patients without VA. They had significantly less diabetes mellitus (35.4 vs. 40.3%), hypertension (43.2 vs. 47.9%), percutaneous coronary intervention (6.1 vs. 9.4%), and dyslipidemia (22.4 vs. 38.2%). The adjusted odds ratios for in-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year mortality in VA complicating all ACS were 25.8, 11.1, and 7.3; ST-elevation myocardial infarctions were 18.3, 11.7, and 6.3; and unstable angina and non-ST elevation myocardial infarctions were 47.4, 10.3, and 18.7, respectively (all P<0.001). CONCLUSION: In-hospital VA in patients with ACS with and without ST elevation was associated with significantly higher in-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year mortality. Noticeably higher long-term mortality among Middle Eastern patients with ACS having VA compared with other reports requires further study and warrants immediate attention.
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