[Pulmonary hypertension due to chronic lung disease. Recommendations of the Cologne Consensus Conference 2010].

Klinik für Pneumologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover.
Pneumologie 12/2010; 65(4):208-18. DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1255970
Source: PubMed


The 2009 European Guidelines on Pulmonary Hypertension did not cover only pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) but also some aspects of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in chronic lung disease. The European Guidelines point out that the drugs currently used to treat patients with PAH (prostanoids, endothelin receptor antagonists and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors) have not been sufficiently investigated in other forms of PH. Therefore, the European Guidelines do not recommend the use of these drugs in patients with chronic lung disease and PH. This recommendation, however, is not always in agreement with medical ethics as physicians feel sometimes inclined to treat other form of pulmonary hypertension which may affect quality of life and survival of these patients in a similar manner. In June 2010, a group of German experts met in Cologne, Germany, to discuss open and controversial issues surrounding the practical implementation of the European Guidelines. The conference was sponsored by the German Society of Cardiology, the German Society of Respiratory Medicine and the German Society of Pediatric Cardiology. One of the working groups was dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of PH in patients with chronic lung disease. The recommendations of this working group are summarized in the present paper.

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    ABSTRACT: Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are often associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic benefit of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors in pulmonary hypertension secondary to ILD. Patients with ILD and PH were treated with sildenafil or tadalafil. Right heart catheterization was performed before and after a minimum of 3-month treatment. In addition, lung function, 6-min walk distance (6MWD) and plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration were assessed. Ten ILD patients (three female, mean age 64.4 ± 9.0 years, six with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), four with hypersensitivity pneumonitis, (HP)) with significant precapillary PH (mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAPm) ≥ 25 mmHg, pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) > 280 dyn*s*cm(-5) ; pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWPm) ≤ 15 mmHg) were treated with either sildenafil (n = 5) or tadalafil (n = 5). Pulmonary haemodynamics were severely impaired at baseline (PAPm 42.9 ± 5.4 mmHg; cardiac index (CI) 2.7 ± 0.6 L/min/m(2) ; PVR 519 ± 131 dyn × sec × cm(-5) ). After mean follow-up of 6.9 ± 5.8 months an increase in CI (2.9 ± 0.7 L/min/m(2) , P = 0.04) and a decrease in PVR (403 ± 190 dyn × sec × cm(-5) , P = 0.03) were observed. 6MWD and BNP did not change significantly. Our data suggest that treatment with PDE-5 inhibitors improves pulmonary haemodynamic patients with PH secondary to ILD.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The study investigated the level of mental distress in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) and assessed the use of and the wish for psychosomatic treatment. Methods: A total sample of n=187 outpatients participated in the cross-sectional survey. The short form of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-D), the EuroQol (EQ-5D) and a questionnaire assessing the wish for psychosomatic treatment were applied. Results: 50.6% of the patients exhibited depressive symptoms of varying degrees, 19.2% showed symptoms of major depression. 14.8% of the pa-tients reported panic attacks, and 7.1% demonstrated symptoms of a panic syndrome. Quality of life was low (EQ-5D VAS M=60). Experience with outpatient or inpatient psychotherapy was reported by 23.4% and 8.6% of the patients, respectively. 56.5% reported a wish for psychosomatic treatment. Conclusions: PH-Patients are more likely to suffer from mild or subthreshold depressive syndromes, but are very interested in psychosomatic treatment. The implementation of psychosomatic interventions into clinical practice would be desirable.
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