Defining the transcriptome and proteome in three functionally different human cell lines.
ABSTRACT An essential question in human biology is how cells and tissues differ in gene and protein expression and how these differences delineate specific biological function. Here, we have performed a global analysis of both mRNA and protein levels based on sequence-based transcriptome analysis (RNA-seq), SILAC-based mass spectrometry analysis and antibody-based confocal microscopy. The study was performed in three functionally different human cell lines and based on the global analysis, we estimated the fractions of mRNA and protein that are cell specific or expressed at similar/different levels in the cell lines. A highly ubiquitous RNA expression was found with >60% of the gene products detected in all cells. The changes of mRNA and protein levels in the cell lines using SILAC and RNA ratios show high correlations, even though the genome-wide dynamic range is substantially higher for the proteins as compared with the transcripts. Large general differences in abundance for proteins from various functional classes are observed and, in general, the cell-type specific proteins are low abundant and highly enriched for cell-surface proteins. Thus, this study shows a path to characterize the transcriptome and proteome in human cells from different origins.
Article: Translational database selection and multiplexed sequence capture for up front filtering of reliable breast cancer biomarker candidates.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Biomarker identification is of utmost importance for the development of novel diagnostics and therapeutics. Here we make use of a translational database selection strategy, utilizing data from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) on differentially expressed protein patterns in healthy and breast cancer tissues as a means to filter out potential biomarkers for underlying genetic causatives of the disease. DNA was isolated from ten breast cancer biopsies, and the protein coding and flanking non-coding genomic regions corresponding to the selected proteins were extracted in a multiplexed format from the samples using a single DNA sequence capture array. Deep sequencing revealed an even enrichment of the multiplexed samples and a great variation of genetic alterations in the tumors of the sampled individuals. Benefiting from the upstream filtering method, the final set of biomarker candidates could be completely verified through bidirectional Sanger sequencing, revealing a 40 percent false positive rate despite high read coverage. Of the variants encountered in translated regions, nine novel non-synonymous variations were identified and verified, two of which were present in more than one of the ten tumor samples.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(6):e20794. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: Phosphoproteomic analysis: an emerging role in deciphering cellular signaling in human embryonic stem cells and their differentiated derivatives.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cellular signaling is largely controlled by protein phosphorylation. This post-translational modification (PTM) has been extensively analyzed when examining one or a few protein phosphorylation events that effect cell signaling. However, protein kinase-driven signaling networks, comprising total (phospho)proteomes, largely control cell fate. Therefore, large-scale analysis of differentially regulated protein phosphorylation is central to elucidating complex cellular events, including maintenance of pluripotency and differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). The current technology of choice for total phosphoproteome and combined total proteome plus total phosphoproteome (termed (phospho)proteome) analyses is multidimensional liquid chromatography-(MDLC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Advances in the use of MDLC for separation of peptides comprising total (phospho)proteomes, phosphopeptide enrichment, separation of enriched fractions, and quantitative peptide identification by MS/MS have been rapid in recent years, as have improvements in the sensitivity, speed, and accuracy of mass spectrometers. Increasingly deep coverage of (phospho)proteomes is allowing an improved understanding of changes in protein phosphorylation networks as cells respond to stimuli and progress from one undifferentiated or differentiated state to another. Although MDLC-MS/MS studies are powerful, understanding the interpretation of the data is important, and targeted experimental pursuit of biological predictions provided by total (phospho)proteome analyses is needed. (Phospho)proteomic analyses of pluripotent stem cells are in their infancy at this time. However, such studies have already begun to contribute to an improved and accelerated understanding of basic pluripotent stem cell signaling and fate control, especially at the systems-biology level.Stem cell reviews 03/2012; 8(1):16-31. · 5.08 Impact Factor