Article

Transcriptional and proteomic responses of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 to spaceflight conditions involve Hfq regulation and reveal a role for oxygen.

The Biodesign Institute, Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, Arizona State University, 1001 S. McAllister Avenue, Tempe, AZ 85287, UDA.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.95). 02/2011; 77(4):1221-30. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.01582-10
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Assessing bacterial behavior in microgravity is important for risk assessment and prevention of infectious diseases during spaceflight missions. Furthermore, this research field allows the unveiling of novel connections between low-fluid-shear regions encountered by pathogens during their natural infection process and bacterial virulence. This study is the first to characterize the spaceflight-induced global transcriptional and proteomic responses of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic pathogen that is present in the space habitat. P. aeruginosa responded to spaceflight conditions through differential regulation of 167 genes and 28 proteins, with Hfq as a global transcriptional regulator. Since Hfq was also differentially regulated in spaceflight-grown Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, Hfq represents the first spaceflight-induced regulator acting across bacterial species. The major P. aeruginosa virulence-related genes induced in spaceflight were the lecA and lecB lectin genes and the gene for rhamnosyltransferase (rhlA), which is involved in rhamnolipid production. The transcriptional response of spaceflight-grown P. aeruginosa was compared with our previous data for this organism grown in microgravity analogue conditions using the rotating wall vessel (RWV) bioreactor. Interesting similarities were observed, including, among others, similarities with regard to Hfq regulation and oxygen metabolism. While RWV-grown P. aeruginosa mainly induced genes involved in microaerophilic metabolism, P. aeruginosa cultured in spaceflight presumably adopted an anaerobic mode of growth, in which denitrification was most prominent. Whether the observed changes in pathogenesis-related gene expression in response to spaceflight culture could lead to an alteration of virulence in P. aeruginosa remains to be determined and will be important for infectious disease risk assessment and prevention, both during spaceflight missions and for the general public.

1 Follower
 · 
119 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microgravity and simulated microgravity (SMG) have quite significant effects on numerous microbial cellular processes. The effects of SMG on the production of recombinant proteins and transcription profiling in prokaryotic and eukaryotic expression host have been investigated. The present study showed that SMG significantly enhanced the specific productivities and activities of the reporter enzymes PGUS and AtXYN that were expressed in recombinant Pichia pastoris. Proteomic profiling revealed that 21 proteins were significantly up-regulated and 35 proteins were drastically down-regulated at the stationary phase, when the recombinant P. pastoris responded to SMG. Six strongly up-regulated genes, TPX, FBA, PGAM, ENO, SBA1, and AKR-E, involved in the oxidative stress response, methanol metabolism, glycolytic pathway, and protein folding, were selected to analyze their impacts on recombinant protein production by co-overexpression in the shaker flask fermentation. The co-overexpressed strains, particularly TPX, FBA, and PGAM, demonstrated promising results with approximately 2.46-fold, 1.58-fold, and 1.33-fold increases in the specific yields of PGUS compared to the control after 48 h of methanol induction, respectively. In the meantime, the corresponding PGUS specific activities were increased by 2.33-fold, 2.09-fold, and 1.32-fold, respectively. Thiol peroxidase (TPX), which is involved in the oxidative stress response, significantly influenced the transcriptional levels of the reporter gene PGUS. The present study provides valuable information for further exploration of the molecular mechanism of P. pastoris response to SMG and facilitates simulated microgravity for finding novel helper factors to rationally engineer the strains in normal fermentation by using proteomic studies.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00253-014-6175-8 · 3.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract This review is focused on sex and gender effects on immunological alterations occurring during space flight. Sex differences in immune function and the outcome of inflammatory, infectious, and autoimmune diseases are well documented. The work of the Immunology Workgroup identified numerous reasons why there could be sex and/or gender differences observed during and after spaceflight, but thus far, there has been very little investigation in this area of research. In most cases, this is due to either a low total number of subjects or the minimal number of female flight crew members available for these studies. Thus, the availability of a sufficient number of female subjects to enable statistical analysis of the data has been a limiting factor. As the inclusion of female crew members has increased in the recent past, such studies should be possible in the future. It is very difficult to obtain immunologic and infectious data in small animals that can be usefully extrapolated to humans undergoing spaceflight. Thus, it is recommended by the Immunology Workgroup that a greater emphasis be placed on studying astronauts themselves, with a focus on long-term evaluations of specific, known infectious risks.
    Journal of Women's Health 11/2014; 23(11):956-8. DOI:10.1089/jwh.2014.4913 · 1.90 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
38 Downloads
Available from
May 29, 2014