Requirement of the nuclear localization of transcription enhancer factor 3 for proliferation, migration, tube formation, and angiogenesis induced by vascular endothelial growth factor
ABSTRACT Transcription enhancer factor 3 (TEF3) is known to regulate the expression of muscle-specific genes and to play important roles in muscle development and diseases. However, little is known about its role in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis. Most recently, we discovered a novel function of TEF3, in which TEF3 is required for the up-regulation of a proangiogenic factor, Down syndrome candidate region 1 isoform 1L (DSCR1-1L), induced by VEGF-A(165) in endothelial cells. Overexpression of TEF3 isoform 1 (TEF3-1) is sufficient to induce DSCR1-1L expression. Here, we report that knocking down the expression of TEF3 almost completely inhibits VEGF-A(165)-induced proliferation, migration, tube formation, formation of F-actin stress fiber, and in vivo Matrigel angiogenesis. This inhibition cannot be rescued by DSCR1-1L overexpression. Further, overexpression of TEF3-1, but not its nuclear localization signal-deletion mutant (TEF3-ΔNLS), induces human umbilical vein endothelial cell proliferation, migration, tube formation, and formation of F-actin stress fiber, even in the absence of VEGF-A(165) stimulation, which is partially inhibited by DSCR1-1L silencing. Our data demonstrate that TEF3, mainly its nuclear localization, is required for VEGF-A(165)-induced endothelial proliferation, migration, tube formation, and in vivo Matrigel angiogenesis.
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ABSTRACT: The transcriptional enhancer factor (TEF) multigene family is primarily functional in muscle-specific genes through binding to MCAT elements that activate or repress transcription of many genes in response to physiological and pathological stimuli. Among the TEF family, TEF-1, RTEF-1, and DTEF-1 are critical regulators of cardiac and smooth muscle-specific genes during cardiovascular development and cardiac disorders including cardiac hypertrophy. Emerging evidence suggests that in addition to functioning as muscle-specific transcription factors, members of the TEF family may be key mediators of gene expression induced by hypoxia in endothelial cells by virtue of its multidomain organization, potential for post-translational modifications, and interactions with numerous transcription factors, which represent a cell-selective control mediator of nuclear signaling. We review the recent literature demonstrating the involvement of the TEF family of transcription factors in the regulation of differential gene expression in cardiovascular physiology and pathology.Trends in cardiovascular medicine 01/2011; 21(1):1-5. DOI:10.1016/j.tcm.2011.12.009 · 2.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the preimplantation mouse embryo, TEAD4 is critical to establishing the trophectoderm (TE)-specific transcriptional program and segregating TE from the inner cell mass (ICM). However, TEAD4 is expressed in the TE and the ICM. Thus, differential function of TEAD4 rather than expression itself regulates specification of the first two cell lineages. We used ChIP sequencing to define genomewide TEAD4 target genes and asked how transcription of TEAD4 target genes is specifically maintained in the TE. Our analyses revealed an evolutionarily conserved mechanism, in which lack of nuclear localization of TEAD4 impairs the TE-specific transcriptional program in inner blastomeres, thereby allowing their maturation toward the ICM lineage. Restoration of TEAD4 nuclear localization maintains the TE-specific transcriptional program in the inner blastomeres and prevents segregation of the TE and ICM lineages and blastocyst formation. We propose that altered subcellular localization of TEAD4 in blastomeres dictates first mammalian cell fate specification.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2012; 109(19):7362-7. DOI:10.1073/pnas.1201595109 · 9.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ischemic disease is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates, and therapeutic angiogenesis via systemic or local delivery of protein drugs is one potential approach to treat the disease. In this study, we hypothesized that combined delivery of TAT-HSP27 (HSP27 fused with transcriptional activator) and VEGF could enhance the therapeutic efficacy in an ischemic mouse model, and that sequential release could be critical in therapeutic angiogenesis. Alginate hydrogels containing TAT-HSP27 as an anti-apoptotic agent were prepared, and porous PLG microspheres loaded with VEGF as an angiogenic agent were incorporated into the hydrogels to prepare microsphere/hydrogel hybrid delivery systems. Sequential in vitro release of TAT-HSP27 and VEGF was achieved by the hybrid systems. TAT-HSP27 was depleted from alginate gels in 7days, while VEGF was continually released for 28days. The release rate of VEGF was attenuated by varying the porous structures of PLGA microspheres. Sequential delivery of TAT-HSP27 and VEGF was critical to protect against muscle degeneration and fibrosis, as well as to promote new blood vessel formation in the ischemic site of a mouse model. This approach to controlling the sequential release behaviors of multiple drugs could be useful in the design of novel drug delivery systems for therapeutic angiogenesis.Journal of Controlled Release 12/2012; 166(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2012.12.020 · 7.26 Impact Factor