Requirement of the nuclear localization of transcription enhancer factor 3 for proliferation, migration, tube formation, and angiogenesis induced by vascular endothelial growth factor.
ABSTRACT Transcription enhancer factor 3 (TEF3) is known to regulate the expression of muscle-specific genes and to play important roles in muscle development and diseases. However, little is known about its role in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis. Most recently, we discovered a novel function of TEF3, in which TEF3 is required for the up-regulation of a proangiogenic factor, Down syndrome candidate region 1 isoform 1L (DSCR1-1L), induced by VEGF-A(165) in endothelial cells. Overexpression of TEF3 isoform 1 (TEF3-1) is sufficient to induce DSCR1-1L expression. Here, we report that knocking down the expression of TEF3 almost completely inhibits VEGF-A(165)-induced proliferation, migration, tube formation, formation of F-actin stress fiber, and in vivo Matrigel angiogenesis. This inhibition cannot be rescued by DSCR1-1L overexpression. Further, overexpression of TEF3-1, but not its nuclear localization signal-deletion mutant (TEF3-ΔNLS), induces human umbilical vein endothelial cell proliferation, migration, tube formation, and formation of F-actin stress fiber, even in the absence of VEGF-A(165) stimulation, which is partially inhibited by DSCR1-1L silencing. Our data demonstrate that TEF3, mainly its nuclear localization, is required for VEGF-A(165)-induced endothelial proliferation, migration, tube formation, and in vivo Matrigel angiogenesis.
Article: Altered subcellular localization of transcription factor TEAD4 regulates first mammalian cell lineage commitment.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In the preimplantation mouse embryo, TEAD4 is critical to establishing the trophectoderm (TE)-specific transcriptional program and segregating TE from the inner cell mass (ICM). However, TEAD4 is expressed in the TE and the ICM. Thus, differential function of TEAD4 rather than expression itself regulates specification of the first two cell lineages. We used ChIP sequencing to define genomewide TEAD4 target genes and asked how transcription of TEAD4 target genes is specifically maintained in the TE. Our analyses revealed an evolutionarily conserved mechanism, in which lack of nuclear localization of TEAD4 impairs the TE-specific transcriptional program in inner blastomeres, thereby allowing their maturation toward the ICM lineage. Restoration of TEAD4 nuclear localization maintains the TE-specific transcriptional program in the inner blastomeres and prevents segregation of the TE and ICM lineages and blastocyst formation. We propose that altered subcellular localization of TEAD4 in blastomeres dictates first mammalian cell fate specification.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2012; 109(19):7362-7. · 9.68 Impact Factor