The influence of alcohol abuse history on the differential, longitudinal patterns of mental and physical quality of life following liver transplantation.
ABSTRACT This prospective, longitudinal study investigated change in physical and mental health quality of life (QoL) in a sample of 65 end-stage liver disease patients before and after liver transplantation. Physical and mental health QoL were assessed using the SF-36 Physical Health Summary and Mental Health Summary, respectively. Baseline data were collected prior to transplant and follow-up data were collected at 1 and 6 months after transplantation. Repeated-measures analysis of variance results indicate that physical QoL did not improve significantly between baseline and 1-month follow-up (F = .031, P = .860) but did between 1- and 6-month follow-up (F = 20.873, P < .001). Significant between-subject effects suggested attenuated improvement for patients with alcohol abuse histories (F = 6.213, P = .017). Physical QoL did not improve between 1- and 6-month follow-up for patients with alcohol abuse history (t((13)) = -1.074, P = .112). By contrast, mental health QoL improved significantly between baseline and 1-month follow-up (F = 13.840, P < .001), but not between 1- and 6-month follow-up (F = .750, P = .391). No significant differences were found on the Mental Health Summary index based on alcohol abuse history for either time period. Post hoc multivariate analysis of variance results suggested worse functioning (F = 2.674, P = .013) for individuals with alcohol abuse history on SF-36 Physical Functioning (F = 5.55, P = .021), Body Pain (F = 13.578, P < .001), Vitality (F = 4.337, P = .040), and Social Functioning (F = 10.50, P = .002) subscales. For liver transplant patients, improvements in psychosocial functioning and QoL precede improvements in physical QoL. Attenuated physical QoL improvements for patients with alcohol abuse histories are related to greater pain and physical deficits.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In patients with alcohol dependence, health-related quality of life (QOL) is reduced compared with that of a normal healthy population. The objective of the current analysis was to describe the evolution of health-related QOL in adults with alcohol dependence during a 24-month period after initial assessment for alcohol-related treatment in a routine practice setting, and its relation to drinking pattern which was evaluated across clusters based on the predominant pattern of alcohol use, set against the influence of baseline variables METHODS: The Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Survey (MOS-SF-36) was used to measure QOL at baseline and quarterly for 2 years among participants in CONTROL, a prospective observational study of patients initiating treatment for alcohol dependence. The sample consisted of 160 adults with alcohol dependence (65.6% males) with a mean (SD) age of 45.6 (12.0) years. Alcohol use data were collected using TimeLine Follow-Back. Based on the participant's reported alcohol use, three clusters were identified: 52 (32.5%) mostly abstainers, 64 (40.0%) mostly moderate drinkers and 44 (27.5%) mostly heavy drinkers. Mixed-effect linear regression analysis was used to identify factors that were potentially associated with the mental and physical summary MOS-SF-36 scores at each time point.Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire). Supplement 05/2014; 49(4).
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional use of alcohol is a problem with broad consequences. Moreover, there exists little evidence about the impact of dysfunctional use on quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of life of patients with liver diseases and to verify its possible associations with alcohol consumption and sociodemographic variables. METHOD: Transverse study with masculine patients between 20 and 59 years of age and with at least 5 years of primary school completed, assessed between April and December 2009 in a hepatology service. Instruments: CAGE, AUDIT, WHOQOL-Bref and sociodemographic questionnaire. RESULTS: CAGE positive patients had a lower average in the physical domain of WHOQOL (p = 0.027). Those who never used alcohol had higher scores in the social domain compared to patients with medium and high risk consumption or probable dependence in the past year (p = 0.023 and p = 0.036 respectively). Abstainers and low-risk users recorded the highest average in the social domain compared to medium risk users in the past year (p = 0.031). DISCUSSION: The lowest levels of quality of life in the physical (CAGE) and social (AUDIT) domains reported by patients with alcohol consumption of high risk or probable dependence are consistent with findings in the literature.Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica 12/2011; 39(1):5-11. · 0.89 Impact Factor
- International Journal of Applied Research and Studies. 12/2012; 1(3):277-279.