Vascular endothelial growth factor +936C/T and +405G/C polymorphisms and cancer risk: a meta-analysis.
ABSTRACT A number of investigators have studied the possible association between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphisms and cancer risk, but the results have been conflicting. To examine the risk of cancer associated with the +936C/T and +405G/C polymorphisms of VEGF, all available studies were considered in the present meta-analysis.
We performed a computerized search of PubMed and Embase database for relevant studies. Articles meeting the inclusion criteria were reviewed systematically, and the reported data were aggregated using the statistical techniques of meta-analysis.
Overall, the 936C allele showed no significant effect on cancer risk compared with the 936T allele in all subjects (OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.53-1.14; random model). Similarly, no significant effect of 405G allele compared with 405C on cancer risk was found (OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.94-1.24; random model). It indicated that the VEGF +936C/T and +405G/C polymorphisms might not be risk factors for cancer, but the 936C allele was associated with a decreased risk of oral cancer (OR = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.53-0.97; fixed model).
The evidence from our meta-analysis supports that there was an association between 936C allele and decreased oral cancer risk, although no evidence of association between VEGF +936C/T or +405G/C polymorphism and cancer was observed in all examined patients. Further studies based on larger, stratified population are required to explore the role of VEGF polymorphisms on cancer risk.
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ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to evaluate whether circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are a biomarker of systemic inflammation and a significant predictor of future chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) outcome. During the study, 116 patients with stable COPD and 35 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects with normal pulmonary function were observed. Patient follow-up was also performed to evaluate the strength of the associations between CRP levels and future outcomes. The observations from the present study showed that serum CRP levels were significantly higher in stable COPD patients than in control subjects (4.48±0.83 vs. 1.01±0.27 mg/l, respectively; P<0.05). In addition, it was identified that a serum CRP concentration of >3 mg/l is a poor prognostic variable of COPD compared with a CRP concentration of ≤3 mg/l [hazard ratio (HR), 2.71; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.05-6.99; P<0.05]. A quantitative synthesis of four studies including 1,750 COPD patients was performed and statistically similar results were obtained (HR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.14-2.07; P<0.01). The present study showed that circulating CRP levels are higher in stable COPD patients and, therefore, may be used as a long-term predictor of future outcomes. These observations highlight the importance of high sensitivity CRP assays in patients with stable COPD.Experimental and therapeutic medicine 02/2014; 7(2):443-446. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major regulator of angiogenesis in the process of tumor growth and metastasis. In present study, we conducted a case-control study and meta-analysis to evaluate the genetic effects of VEGF -634G/C and VEGF -2578C/A polymorphisms and risk of lung cancer. A total of 175 subjects were recruited for case-control study and seven studies were included in the meta-analysis. Our case-control study showed that VEGF -634G/C polymorphism had no association with lung cancer risk (CC vs. GG: OR = 0.88, 95 % CI = 0.37-2.11), whereas there was an association between VEGF -2578CC genotype and decrease in lung cancer risk (CC vs. OR = 0.52, 95 % CI = 0.28-0.96). A meta-analysis was further performed and statistically similar results were obtained (CC vs. GG: OR = 0.91, 95 % CI = 0.60-1.39 for VEGF -634; CC vs. AA: OR = 0.53, 95 % CI = 0.32-0.89 for VEGF -2578). Our study showed that the variant genotypes of the VEGF -2578C/A polymorphism, but not the VEGF -634G/C polymorphism, was associated with lung cancer risk. More studies are needed to detect VEGF -634G/C and VEGF -2578 polymorphisms and their association with lung cancer in different ethnic populations incorporated with environmental exposures.Tumor Biology 10/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Many studies have examined the association between the VEGF +936C/T (rs833061) and +460C/T (rs3025039) gene polymorphisms and oral cancer risk in various populations, but their results have been inconsistent. To assess this relationship more precisely, we performed a meta-analysis. The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched for case-control studies that were published up to January 2013. Data were extracted and pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Ultimately, six studies were included, comprising 1006 oral cancer cases and 1016 controls. Overall, the pooled OR for VEGF +936 T allele carriers (TC + TT) versus the wild-type homozygotes (CC) was 1.28 (95 % CI 1.04-1.58; P = 0.228 for heterogeneity), the pooled OR for TT versus CC was 1.64 (95 % CI 1.34-1.98; P = 0.315 for heterogeneity), and the pooled OR for the T allele versus the C allele was 1.42 (95 % CI 1.22-1.76; P = 0.286 for heterogeneity). In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, significant risks were found among Caucasians but not Asians. However, there were no associations between VEGF +460C/T and oral cancer risk in only two of the included studies. In conclusion, this meta-analysis demonstrates that the VEGF +936 T allele may be associated with an increased risk of oral cancer, especially among Caucasian populations.Molecular Biology Reports 09/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor