Serum adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein is associated independently with vascular inflammation: analysis with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography.
ABSTRACT The inflammatory status of atherosclerotic lesions is a major factor triggering acute cardiovascular events. Growing evidence has shown that adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (A-FABP) has an important role in the development of atherosclerosis.
The objective of the study was to determine the association between circulating A-FABP levels with vascular inflammation as measured using [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET), which is a novel imaging technique for noninvasive measurement of atherosclerotic inflammation.
This was a cross-sectional study.
Eighty-seven men without previously diagnosed cardiovascular disease or diabetes participated in the study.
We measured the serum A-FABP, adiponectin, and leptin levels as well as other cardiovascular risk factors. Vascular inflammation in the carotid arterial wall, as indicated by the target to background ratio (TBR), was analyzed using FDG-PET.
The circulating A-FABP and leptin levels had positive correlations with maximum TBR values (r = 0.38, P < 0.001; and r = 0.28, P = 0.010, respectively), whereas the adiponectin levels had a negative correlation (r = -0.31, P = 0.004). The maximum TBR levels exhibited an additive linear increment according to the rise in tertiles of the A-FABP levels in subjects with and without metabolic syndrome. Multiple regression analysis showed that serum A-FABP levels were independently associated with maximum TBR after adjustment for other cardiovascular risk factors (P = 0.006).
Circulating A-FABP, adiponectin, and leptin levels were shown to be associated with vascular inflammation, as measured using FDG-PET. Specifically, the A-FABP level was an independent risk factor for vascular inflammation in Korean men without cardiovascular disease or diabetes.
- SourceAvailable from: Sei Hyun Baik[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Adipokines contribute directly to the atherosclerotic process, connecting metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes to cardiovascular disease. Omentin-1 is a recently discovered novel adipokine, so data about the relationship of this adipokine to vascular health in type 2 diabetes is limited. We enrolled 60 people with type 2 diabetes, with or without carotid plaque, and 30 participants with normal glucose tolerance. We measured serum omentin-1, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels, and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), as well as other cardiovascular risk factors. Vascular health was assessed by brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). Serum omentin-1 levels were significantly decreased in type 2 diabetes patients compared to normal glucose controls and was further reduced in type 2 diabetes patients with carotid plaque compared to those without carotid plaque. Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that age, systolic blood pressure, history of use of statins, angiotensin receptor blockers or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and serum omentin-1 level were independent factors determining baPWV in people with type 2 diabetes (r2 = 0.637). Furthermore, in multivariate logistic regression analysis, circulating omentin-1 level was an independent decisive factor for the presence of carotid plaque in type 2 diabetes patients, even after adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and history of smoking and medication (odds ratio, 0.621; 95% confidence interval, 0.420-0.919; P = 0.017). Circulating omentin-1 level was independently correlated with arterial stiffness and carotid plaque in type 2 diabetes, even after adjusting for other cardiovascular risk factors and detailed medication history.Cardiovascular Diabetology 11/2011; 10:103. · 4.21 Impact Factor