A phase II study of gemcitabine (gemzar, LY188011) in the treatment of recurrent or persistent endometrial carcinoma: A gynecologic oncology group study

Carolinas Medical Center, Blumenthal Cancer Center, Charlotte, NC 28203, USA.
Gynecologic Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.69). 04/2011; 121(1):118-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2010.11.027
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The study aims to evaluate the anti-tumor activity and toxicity of gemcitabine in patients with persistent or recurrent endometrial carcinoma.
Patients with advanced or recurrent carcinoma of the endometrium previously treated with one chemotherapy regimen were treated on a phase II trial conducted by the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG). Gemcitabine was administered as an intravenous infusion at a dose of 800 mg/m² over 30 min on days 1 and 8 every 21 days.
Twenty-four patients were entered by 11 GOG member institutions. One patient was ineligible due to wrong primary tumor. A total of ninety 21-day cycles of therapy were administered with 35% of patients receiving four or more cycles. All patients had been previously treated with a platinum-based regimen. One patient had a partial response (4%), nine had stable disease (39%), and twelve had increasing disease (52%). The median progression-free survival was 1.7 months. Treatment was generally well tolerated with only 22% of patients experiencing grade 3 or grade 4 hematologic toxicity. There was one treated-related death due to pulmonary toxicity.
Gemcitabine has minimal activity in the treatment of recurrent or persistent endometrial carcinoma at the dose and schedule tested.

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