Cushing's syndrome in pregnancy with a severe maternal complication: a case report.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research (Impact Factor: 0.84). 02/2011; 37(2):163-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1447-0756.2010.01339.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cushing's syndrome (CS) in pregnancy may be confused with a complication of pregnancy, such as pre-eclampsia or gestational diabetes. We managed a case of CS in pregnancy that was considered to be severe pre-eclampsia due to uncontrolled hypertension. The fetus was delivered via emergency cesarean section at 31 weeks' gestation because of severe pre-eclampsia and pulmonary edema. The parturient was admitted to the intensive care unit for severe maternal complications, including pulmonary hemorrhage, acute renal failure, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, and congestive heart failure. A spine magnetic resonance image and 99m-technetium whole-body scan obtained postpartum showed multiple thoracolumbar spine compression fractures (Deleted; t-2,5,8,10,11, and -12; and L-1,2,3,4, and -5), multiple rib fractures, and a left iliac bone fracture due to osteoporosis. As a result of diagnosing CS after delivery, an adrenal cortical adenoma of the right adrenal gland was demonstrated and a laparoscopic adrenalectomy was successfully performed.

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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of Cushing syndrome secondary to adrenal adenoma presenting with hypertension and oligohydramnios during pregnancy. The tumor was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging at 28 week 3 day weeks of pregnancy and was removed surgically at 29 week 1 day weeks of gestation. After surgery, hypertension subsided and amniotic fluid volume returned to normal range. The gravid woman subsequently delivered a healthy infant at term.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction During normal pregnancy there are significant changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, with increased levels of plasma cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone which sometimes reach values observed in patients with Cushing’s syndrome. Cushing’s syndrome (CS) is rarely encountered during pregnancy, but is associated with serious maternal and fetal complications. Case presentation A 31-year-old female was admitted to our institution four weeks after delivery. Physical examination revealed moon face, purple striae throughout the abdomen, bruising over the legs, a dorsocervical fat pad and hirsutism. She delivered a eutrophic preterm newborn at 34 weeks gestation, without any maternal or fetal complications during delivery. Imaging showed a mass in the right suprarenal gland with a normal pituitary. After four weeks the patient underwent a right adrenalectomy. The mass was eventually identified as an adrenocortical adenoma. Conclusion In our case the diagnosis of CS was established only after pregnancy, which enabled the development of numerous adverse consequences secondary to increased plasma cortisol. If CS is recognized during pregnancy, treatment and its timing could be carefully chosen according to the patient’s individual characteristics.
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