Translocation (3;8)(q27;q24) in two cases of triple hit lymphoma.
ABSTRACT Unclassifiable lymphoma with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma is a new category of B-cell lymphoma appearing in the new World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues. This lymphoma usually shows MYC rearrangements with non-IGH genes in the setting of a complex karyotype possibly involving BCL2 and, less frequently, BCL6 rearrangements. According to the presence of two or three rearrangements, these lymphomas are called double-hit lymphomas or triple-hit lymphomas (THL), respectively. Here we report two cases of THL with MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 rearrangements and t(3;8)(q27;q24) diagnosed in one center in the last two years.
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ABSTRACT: Double-hit or triple-hit B-cell lymphomas (DHL and THL) are rare subtype lymphomas usually associated with poor prognosis. It is defined by two or three recurrent chromosome translocations; MYC/8q24 loci, usually in combination with the t (14; 18) (q32; q21) bcl-2 gene or/and BCL6/3q27 chromosomal translocation. DHL was often observed both in de-novo diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL). It is otherwise unclassifiable, showing features intermediate that of large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma. Here, we present two follicular lymphoma patients; one transformed to THL, another transformed to DHL. Both cases revealed aggressive clinical courses with poor prognosis and associated with acquisition of c-Myc gene (MYC) and central nervous system (CNS) involvement. We reviewed the related literature, correlated the immunophenotype and clinical manifestations such as response to therapy and prognosis. Although the incidence of DHT and THL is low, cytogenetic and FISH analyses should be included when B-cell lymphoma patients experience relapse or refractory course of disease. We concluded that c-Myc may contribute to aggressive transformation, and more mechanism-based therapy should be explored.International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2013; 6(4):788-94. · 2.24 Impact Factor