A highly sensitive LC-MS/MS method for the determination of S-raclopride in rat plasma: application to a pharmacokinetic study in rats.
ABSTRACT A highly sensitive and rapid assay method has been developed and validated for the estimation of S-(-)-raclopride (S-RCP) in rat plasma with liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization in the positive ion mode. The assay procedure involves a simple liquid-liquid extraction technique for extraction of S-RCP and phenacetin (internal standard, IS) from rat plasma. Chromatographic separation was achieved with 0.2% formic acid : acetonitrile (80:20, v/v) at a flow rate of 0.30 mL/min on a Phenomenex Prodigy C(18) column with a total run time of 4.5 min. The MS/MS ion transitions monitored were 347.2 → 112.1 for S-RCP and 180.1 → 110.1 for IS. Method validation and pre-clinical sample analysis were performed as per FDA guidelines and the results met the acceptance criteria. The lower limit of quantitation achieved was 0.05 ng/mL and the linearity range was extended from 0.05 to 152 ng/mL in rat plasma. The intra-day and inter-day precisions were 0.23-10.5 and 3.74-7.29%, respectively. This novel method was applied to a pharmacokinetic study of S-RCP in rats.
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ABSTRACT: The substituted benzamide drug raclopride, [((-)-(S)-3,5-dichloro-N-((1-ethyl-2-pyrrolidinyl) methyl)-6-methoxy-salicylamide tartrate; FLA 870(-); A40664] was shown to be a potent and selective antagonist of dopamine D-2 receptors by its high affinity for striatal 3H-spiperone binding sites and low potency to block dopamine stimulated adenylate cyclase in vitro. In vitro studies showed that 3H-raclopride binds with a high affinity (KD = 1.2 nM) and a low proportion of non-specific binding to rat striatal homogenates. The binding of 3H-raclopride is saturable (Bmax = 23.5 pmoles/g wet wt) and reversible (dissociation half-time = 30 min) with a regional distribution of the specifically bound drug showing the following rank-order: striatum greater than nucleus accumbens greater than olfactory tubercle greater than septum greater than hypothalamus greater than hippocampus greater than frontal cortex. After in vivo administration, 3H-raclopride accumulates preferentially in dopamine rich brain areas with approximately 10 times higher levels in the striatum than in the cerebellum, when examined 30 min after injection. The in vivo binding of 3H-raclopride was saturable, reversible and showed a low component of non-specific binding. More than 90% of the drug reached the brain in a non-metabolized form as judged by thin-layer chromatography. Pharmacological analysis of 3H-raclopride binding showed that it could be displaced by dopamine agonists and antagonists but not by serotoninergic or noradrenergic drugs. Taken together, the results suggest that 3H-raclopride labels dopamine D-2 receptors with high specificity in the rat brain both in vitro and in vivo, and thus, that it should be a useful tool in studies of central dopamine D-2 receptors.Biochemical Pharmacology 08/1985; 34(13):2251-9. · 4.58 Impact Factor