Preliminary evaluation of Lu-177-labeled knottin peptides for integrin receptor-targeted radionuclide therapy
ABSTRACT Cystine knot peptides (knottins) 2.5D and 2.5F were recently engineered to bind integrin receptors with high affinity and specificity. These receptors are overexpressed on the surface of a variety of malignant human tumor cells and tumor neovasculature. In this study, 2.5D and 2.5F were labeled with a therapeutic radionuclide, (177)Lu, and the resulting radiopeptides were then evaluated as potential radiotherapeutic agents in a murine model of human glioma xenografts.
Knottins 2.5D and 2.5F were synthesized using solid phase peptide synthesis, folded in vitro, and site-specifically coupled with 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) at their N terminus for (177)Lu radiolabeling. The stability of the radiopeptides (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5D and (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5F was tested in both phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and mouse serum. Cell uptake assays of the radiolabeled peptides were performed in U87MG integrin-expressing human glioma cells. The biodistribution studies of both (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5D and (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5F were examined in U87MG tumor-bearing athymic nu/nu mice. Radiation absorbed doses for the major tissues of a human adult male were calculated based on the mouse biodistribution results.
DOTA-2.5D and DOTA-2.5F were labeled with (177)Lu at over 55% efficiency. High radiochemical purity for both radiocomplexes (> 95%) could be achieved after high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) purification. Both radiopeptides were stable in PBS and mouse serum. Compared to (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5D (0.39 and 0.26 %ID/g at 2 and 24 h, respectively), (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5F showed much higher tumor uptake (2.16 and 0.78 %ID/g at 2 and 24 h, respectively). It also displayed higher tumor to blood ratios than that of (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5D (31.8 vs 18.7 at 24 h and 52.6 vs 20.6 at 72 h). Calculation of radiodosimetry for (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5D and (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5F suggested that tumor and kidney were tissues with the highest radiation absorbed doses. Moreover, (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5F had a higher tumor to kidney radiation absorbed dose ratio than that of (177)Lu-DOTA-2.5D.
Cystine knot peptides can be successfully radiolabeled with (177)Lu for potential therapeutic applications. Knottin 2.5F labeled with (177)Lu exhibits favorable distribution in murine U87MG xenograft model; thus, it is a promising agent for radionuclide therapy of integrin-positive tumors.
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ABSTRACT: The proposition of uPAR as a potential target in cancer therapy is advanced by its predominant expression at the invasive front of colorectal cancer (CRC) and its value as prognostic biomarker for poor survival in this disease. In this study, we provide the first in vivo proof-of-concept for a theranostic approach as treatment modality in a human xenograft colorectal cancer model. A DOTA-conjugated 9-mer high affinity uPAR binding peptide (DOTA-AE105) was radiolabeled with (64)Cu and (177)Lu, for PET imaging and targeted radionuclide therapy study, respectively. Human uPAR-positive CRC HT-29 cells were inoculated in Nude mice and treated with (177)Lu-DOTA-AE105 once a visible tumor had formed. To evaluate the true effect of the targeted radiotherapy, two controls groups were included in this study, one receiving a (177)Lu-labeled non-binding control peptide and one receiving vehicle. All animals were treated day 0 and 7. A parallel (18)F-FLT PET/CT study was performed on day 0, 1, 3 and 6. Dosimetry calculations were based on a biodistribution study, where organs and tissue of interest were collected 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 24h post injection of (177)Lu-DOTA-AE105. Toxicity was assessed by recording mouse weight and by H&E staining of kidneys in each treatment group. uPAR-positive HT-29 xenograft was clearly visualized by PET/CT imaging using (64)Cu-DOTA-AE105. Subsequently, these xenograft transplants were locally irradiated using (177)Lu-DOTA-AE105, where a significant effect on tumor size and the number of uPAR-positive cells in the tumor was found (p<0.05). Evaluations of biodistribution and dosimetry revealed highest accumulation of radioactivity in kidneys and tumor tissue. (18)F-FLT PET/CT imaging study revealed a significant correlation between (18)F-FLT tumor uptake and efficacy of the radionuclide therapy. A histological examination of the kidneys from one animal in each treatment group did not reveal any gross abnormalities and the general performance of all treated animals also showed no indications of radioactivity-induced toxicity. These findings document for the first time the in vivo efficacy of an uPAR-targeted radionuclide therapeutic intervention on both tumor size and its content of uPAR expressing cells thus setting the stage for future translation into clinical use.Nuclear Medicine and Biology 06/2012; 39(7):962-9. DOI:10.1016/j.nucmedbio.2012.05.007 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The federated filter, which is a special form of decentralized filters has shown some promising features regarding optimality and other practical aspects. The theory of the federated architecture is discussed. Emphasis is placed on the applications in the field of vehicle navigation using Global Positioning System (GPS). During both theoretical and practical research, it is concluded that federated designs suit optimality needs for systems output and allow the use of existing stand-alone software of individual sensors in an integrated sense without any major modifications. Quality control is feasible, as a malfunction of one of the sensors would be detected and identified before the contamination of the global (combined) output of the system, and hence isolation of errors is feasible in real-time modeVehicle Navigation and Information Systems Conference, 1993., Proceedings of the IEEE-IEE; 11/1993
Conference Paper: A novel type of piezoelectric minimotor for linear displacements[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This work shows the results of our studies on a new type of piezoelectric minimotor for precision linear displacements. The stator structure consists of two piezoelectric ceramics adhered to a thin copper plate patterned in such a way that elliptic motion can be generated when driven by two sinusoidal voltages with a phase difference. A simple stage, pressed against the top surface of the tip of the stator, can move following a straight line. The actuation is based on the planar vibration mode of small ceramic plates. The copper plate is patterned using photolithography and etching. In this way, complex geometries can be obtained.Ultrasonics, 2003 IEEE Symposium on; 11/2003