The role of networks in the entrepreneurial process
ABSTRACT The relationship between the quality of political institutions and the performance of regulation has recently assumed greater prominence in the policy debate on the effectiveness of infrastructure industry reforms. Taking the view that political accountability is a key factor linking political and regulatory structures and processes, this article empirically investigates its impact on the performance of regulation in telecommunications in time-series--cross-sectional data sets for 29 developing countries and 23 developed countries during 1985--99. In addition to confirming some well-documented results on the positive role of regulatory governance in infrastructure industries, the article provides empirical evidence on the impact of the quality of political institutions and their modes of functioning on regulatory performance. The analysis finds that the impact of political accountability on the performance of regulation is stronger in developing countries. An important policy implication is that future reforms in these countries should give due attention to the development of politically accountable systems. Copyright The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / the world bank. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: email@example.com, Oxford University Press.
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ABSTRACT: Multiplexity occurs in entrepreneurial networks when flows interact within and across relationships. It defines how these networks function and evolve and cannot be examined by studying network structure or flows separately. Despite the growing recognition of the importance of multiplexity, related research has remained limited and lacks an integrated approach to simultaneously examine structure and flows, thus restricting our understanding of entrepreneurial net-works. We propose an integrated approach for conducting inductive studies into multiplexity, involving an adaptation of the "business networks" conceptual model, the configuration theory perspective, and the Q-analysis method.Entrepreneurship Research Journal. 10/2014; 4(4):367-402.
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ABSTRACT: Micro-enterprises play an extremely important role in the development of any country, especially in developing countries. To understand entrepreneurs who operate in a low-technology industry and in a low financial resources, we rely on the network and human perspective on entrepreneurship. In this paper, we investigate how the social and human capital of entrepreneurs influences their ability to identify opportunities and access to external financing. In this paper, we extends prior research in two ways. First, by introducing the context of micro-entreprises which has been marginalized in the entrepreneurship research. Second, to our knowledge, there is a very small number of studies that have investigated theorically and empirically the access to external financial capital especially at the level of small businesses. In this regard, we propose to measure the access to external financial capital by the access to bank financing, that is, in terms of the ease in obtaining a credit.African journal of business management 03/2012; 6(12). · 1.11 Impact Factor