The association of glutathione S-transferase GSTT1 and GSTM1 gene polymorphism with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma in a Pakistani population
ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of glutathione S-transferase GSTT1 and GSTM1 genotypes with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PEXG) in a group of Pakistani patients.
Multiplex polymerase chain reaction was used to study the GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms in 165 PEXG patients and 162 unaffected controls.
In the current study we describe a significant gender-specific association of GSTT1 and GSTM1 null genotypes with PEXG. The three null genotype combinations (i.e., T1M0, T0M1, and T0M0) were found at significantly higher frequencies in the PEXG patients as compared to the controls (χ(2)=21.82, p<0.001). This association was specifically related to the female patients (χ(2)=35.63, p<0.001); no such association was seen in the male patients (χ(2)=2.28, p>0.05).
The results suggest that there is a significant involvement of the GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms in female Pakistani patients having PEXG, which suggests a possible gender-specific impairment of detoxification in this group.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Shazia Micheal, Jun 02, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Deletions in GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes are considered to be a risk factor for cancer development but the exact location of these deletions in the genome was unknown. Three main objectives of the current study were to: (a) identify the boundaries of these deletions in the human genome, (b) screen homozygous (-/-) and heterozygous (+/-) deleted, as well as homozygous present (+/+) individuals using PCR assays, (c) detect associations of pharyngeal (PC) and laryngeal cancer (LC) with the respective genotypes. In total, 102 PC and 92 LC patients were screened and compared with 150 controls. PCR mapping and sequencing revealed a 6 kbp deletion for GSTM1 and a 9 kbp deletion for the GSTT1 gene. The mean age of PC cases was 48.1 (±16.7) years; for LC cases it was 48.5 (±17.4) years and for controls 46 (±17.7) years. The OR (odds ratio) for the GSTM1 null genotype in PC and LC cases was 10.2 and 1.0 (95% CI 5.04-20.7 and 1.1-1.7) respectively. Similarly, for GSTT1 the OR was 4.02 with a 95% CI of 2.3-7.1 in PC cases. For LC cases the OR was 0.8 with 95% CI of 0.4-1.7. A non-significant number of LC and PC patients had heterozygous deletions of GSTM1 compared to controls (OD 0.5, 95% CI 0.2- 1.6 and OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.2- 1.5 respectively). The GSTT1 gene also showed a non-significant association in PC (OD 0.9, 95% CI 0.4-1.9), as well as in LC patients (OD 0.7, 95% CI 0.3-1.7). The homozygous genotype was significantly associated with PC and LC, whereas the heterozygous was not so. The GSTM1 (-/-) and GSTT1 (-/-) genotypes are a risk factor for LC and PC, whereas the (+/-) genotypes are not.Genetics and Molecular Biology 03/2013; 36(1):1-6. DOI:10.1590/S1415-47572013005000006 · 0.88 Impact Factor
International Ophthalmology Clinics 01/2014; 54(4):43-56. DOI:10.1097/IIO.0000000000000042
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ABSTRACT: Glutathione S transferase (GST) polymorphisms have been considered risk factors for the development of glaucoma, including primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and other types of glaucoma. However, the results remain controversial. In this study, we have conducted a meta-analysis to assess the association between polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 and glaucoma risk. Published literature from PubMed and other databases were retrieved. All studies evaluating the association between GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms and glaucoma risk were included. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using random- or fixed-effects model. Twelve studies on GSTM1 (1109 cases and 844 controls), ten studies on GSTT1 (709 cases and 664 controls) and four studies on GSTP1 (543 cases and 511 controls) were included. By pooling all the studies, either GSTM1 or GSTT1 null polymorphism was not associated with a POAG risk, and this negative association maintained in Caucasian. The GSTP1 Ile 105 Val polymorphism was significantly correlated with increased POAG risk among Caucasian in a recessive model (Val/Val vs. Ile/Ile+Ile/Val: OR, 1.62, 95%CI: 1.00-2.61). Interestingly, increased glaucoma risk was associated with the combined GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes (OR, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.47-3.31), and with the combined GSTM1 null and GSTP1 Val genotypes (OR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.15-3.01). This meta-analysis suggests that combinations of GST polymorphisms are associated with glaucoma risk. Given the limited sample size, the associations between single GST polymorphism and glaucoma risk await further investigation.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e54037. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0054037 · 3.53 Impact Factor