Pathophysiology of acute small bowel disease with CT correlation

Department of Radiology, Section of Abdominal Imaging, Penn State Milton Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA 17033, USA.
Clinical Radiology (Impact Factor: 1.76). 01/2011; 66(1):73-82. DOI: 10.1016/j.crad.2010.06.015
Source: PubMed


The objective of this article is to review the pathophysiology of acute small bowel diseases, and to correlate the mechanisms of disease with computed tomography (CT) findings. Disease entities will be classified into the following: immune mediated and infectious causes, vascular causes, mechanical causes, trauma, and others. Having an understanding of acute small bowel pathophysiology is a useful teaching tool, and can lead to imaging clues to the most likely diagnosis of acute small bowel disorders.

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