Indications and limitations for aged patients with chronic hepatitis C in pegylated interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin combination therapy
ABSTRACT This study investigated the efficacy and adverse effects of pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) plus ribavirin therapy in aged patients with chronic hepatitis C (CH-C).
A total of 1040 naïve patients with CH-C (genotype 1, n=759; genotype 2, n=281), of whom 240 (23%) over 65 years old (y.o.), were treated with Peg-IFN alfa-2b plus ribavirin and assessed after being classified into five categories, according to age.
The discontinuance rate was higher for patients over 70 y.o. (36%), the most common reason being anemia. In the presence of genotype 1, the SVR rate was similar (42-46%) among patients under 65 y.o. and declined (26-29%) among patients over 65 y.o. For patients over 65 y.o., being male (Odds ratio, OR, 3.5, p=0.035) and EVR (OR, 83.3, p<0.001) were significant factors for SVR, in multivariate analysis. The Peg-IFN dose was related to EVR, and when EVR was attained, 76-86% of patients over 65 y.o. achieved SVR. SVR was not achieved (0/35, 0/38, respectively) if a 1-log decrease and a 2-log decrease were not attained at week 4 and week 8, respectively. In the presence of genotype 2, the SVR rate was similar (70-71%) among patients under 70 y.o. and declined among patients over 70 y.o. (43%).
Aged patients up to 65 y.o. with genotype 1 and 70 y.o. with genotype 2 can be candidates for Peg-IFN plus ribavirin therapy. The response-guided therapy can be applied for aged patients with genotype 1.
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- "The current standard of care (SoC) for HCV infection consists of a combined therapy of injectable pegylated interferon alfa (pegIFNa ) and ribavirin administered for 24e48 weeks depending on the HCV genotype  . However, this therapy has many limitations, being long, expensive, toxic, and only effective in around 50% of the patients for the most common genotype  . Moreover, SoC therapy is not suitable for people suffering from severe HCV related cirrhosis, undergone organ transplant, children of <3 years and specific contraindication to the medication . "
ABSTRACT: A series of thiazolone derivatives was designed and synthesized as potential HCV NS5B allosteric polymerase inhibitors at the allosteric site thumb II. Their antiviral activity was evaluated and molecular modeling was utilized to give further envision on their probable binding modes in the allosteric binding site. Among the tested molecules, compound 9b displayed sub-micromolar inhibitory activity with an EC50 of 0.79 μM indicating excellent potency profile. It also showed good safety profile (CC50 ≥ 75 μM and SI ≥ 94.3).European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 07/2013; 68C:19-32. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2013.07.006 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction. Treatment of genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C in elderly patients has been associated with low rates of a sustained virological response (SVR), but the reasons are unclear. Objective. To determine the SVR rate in patients ≥ 60 years with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C treated with Peg-IFN and ribavirin, and to identify risk factors related to treatment response in this specific group of patients. Material and methods. Patients were divided into < 60 years (non-elderly) and ≥60 years (elderly) and were compared regarding clinical, laboratory and histological characteristics and response to treatment. Results. A total of 231 patients were included in the study. The elderly group (n=89) presented a predominance of women, more advanced hepatic disease, higher glucose, cholesterol and LDL levels, lower hemoglobin levels, and a larger proportion of overweight subjects. The SVR rate was lower (25% vs 46%) and anemia, ribavirin dose reduction and use of filgrastim and erythropoietin were more frequent in elderly patients. Negative predictive factors of SVR in the whole group (n = 231) were glucose ≥ 100 mg/dL and age ≥ 60 years. In the elderly group, only pretreatment variables (lower serum glucose and higher hemoglobin levels) were associated with SVR. Conclusion. The SVR rate was low in elderly patients. However, this poor response was not due to poor tolerance, but mainly to pretreatment conditions. Among elderly patients, the best candidates for hepatitis C treatment are those with elevated pretreatment hemoglobin levels and adequate glycemic control.Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology 12(3):392-8. · 2.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Which patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 can benefit from extended treatment with pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) plus ribavirin is unknown, although the overall sustained virologic response (SVR) rate has been shown to improve in patients with a late virologic response (LVR), defined as detectable serum HCV RNA at week 12 and undetectable at week 24. Among 1163 chronic hepatitis C patients with genotype 1 treated with Peg-IFN plus ribavirin combination therapy, 213 patients with an LVR were examined in this study. In addition, we selected 81 patients of matched sex and age from each of the 48- and 72-week treatment groups, using the propensity score, to compare the efficacy of the two treatment durations. With 72-week treatment, the timing of HCV RNA disappearance and the hemoglobin level at baseline showed a strong correlation with the SVR on multivariate analysis. Earlier HCV RNA disappearance was associated with a better SVR rate, regardless of the ribavirin dose (HCV RNA disappearance at week 16, 74%; at week 20, 52%; and at week 24, 31%, p = 0.01). The SVR rate with 72-week treatment was higher than that with 48-week treatment, irrespective of age, sex, or the platelet value, and, especially in aged patients (≥65 years old), the SVR rate increased markedly with 72-week treatment (48 weeks, 25% vs. 72 weeks, 56%; p < 0.05). An earlier response predicts a higher SVR rate in patients with an LVR given 72-week treatment. Extended treatment with Peg-IFN plus ribavirin for patients with an LVR improved the treatment efficacy, even for aged patients.Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2011; 46(7):944-52. DOI:10.1007/s00535-011-0403-0 · 4.02 Impact Factor