Skin regeneration with fibroblast growth factor 2 released from heparin-conjugated fibrin.
ABSTRACT Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) stimulates skin wound healing but does long-term delivery of FGF2 enhance skin regeneration compared to short-term delivery? Heparin-conjugated fibrin (HCF) was used as a vehicle for long-term delivery of FGF2. Fibrin, HCF, FGF2-loaded fibrin, and FGF2-loaded HCF were implanted into full-thickness skin defects of mice. The neoepidermis thickness was significantly larger in the FGF2-loaded HCF group than in the other groups, except for the FGF2-loaded fibrin group. Suprabasal cytokeratin differentiation in squamous neoepithelium was greatest in the FGF2-loaded HCF group. The enhanced skin regeneration accompanying the long-term delivery of FGF2 could be mediated, at least partially, by enhanced neovascularization and cell proliferation in the neodermis.