Most hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) products are infused or processed shortly after collection, but in some cases this may be delayed for up to 48 hours. A number of variables such as temperature and cell concentration are of critical importance for the integrity of HPCs during this time.
We evaluated critical variables using cord blood HPC units that were divided equally and stored at 4 °C versus room temperature (RT) for up to 96 hours. Total nucleated cell (TNC) and mononuclear cell (MNC) counts, viable CD34+ cell counts, and CD45+ cell viability as well as colony-forming unit-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) present over time at each temperature were determined.
Overall, the data indicate that with the exception of viable CD34+ cells, there was a significant decrease in each variable measured for 72 to 96 hours and, with the exception of viable CD34+ cells and CFU-GM, the reductions were significantly greater in RT units than 4 °C units. There was an increase in viable CD34+ count for units where TNC count was greater than 8.5 × 10(9) /L, compared with units where TNC count was less than 8.5 × 10(9) /L, that was different for each storage temperature.
Cord blood HPC collections maintained at 4 °C retained higher TNC counts, MNC counts, and CD45+ cell viability over a 72- to 96-hour storage period.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As umbilical cord blood (UCB) is a rich source of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC), our aim was twofold: (1) to examine potential obstetric selection criteria for achieving the highest ECFC yields from UCB units, and (2) to determine whether transient storage temperatures of fresh UCB and cryopreservation of UCB units affected ECFC yield and function. ECFC quality was assessed before and after cryopreservation by their clonogenic proliferative potential. Of the 20 factors examined, placental weight was the only statistically significant obstetric factor that predicted ECFC frequency in UCB. Studies on the effects of storage revealed that transient storage of fresh UCB at 4°C reduced ECFC yield compared with storage at 22°C, while cryopreservation of UCB MNCs significantly reduced ECFC recoveries. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration that placental weight and temperature of storage prior to processing or culture have significant effects on ECFC frequency in UCB. Our studies further support the evidence that cryopreservation of UCB MNCs compromises ECFC recovery.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the current study, the mechanical and hypothermic damage induced by vibration and cold storage on human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) stored at 2-8°C was quantified by measuring the total cell number and cell viability after exposure to vibration at 50 Hz (peak acceleration 140 m s(-2) and peak displacement 1.4 mm), 25 Hz (peak acceleration 140 m s(-2), peak displacement 5.7 mm), 10 Hz (peak acceleration 20 m s(-2), peak displacement 5.1 mm) and cold storage for several durations. To quantify the viability of the cells, in addition to the trypan blue exclusion method, the combination of annexin V-FITC and propidium iodide was applied to understand the mode of cell death. Cell granularity and a panel of cell surface markers for stemness, including CD29, CD44, CD105 and CD166, were also evaluated for each condition. It was found that hMSCs were sensitive to vibration at 25 Hz, with moderate effects at 50 Hz and no effects at 10 Hz. Vibration at 25 Hz also increased CD29 and CD44 expression. The study further showed that cold storage alone caused a decrease in cell viability, especially after 48 h, and also increased CD29 and CD44 and attenuated CD105 expressions. Cell death would most likely be the consequence of membrane rupture, owing to necrosis induced by cold storage. The sensitivity of cells to different vibrations within the mechanical system is due to a combined effect of displacement and acceleration, and hMSCs with a longer cold storage duration were more susceptible to vibration damage, indicating a coupling between the effects of vibration and cold storage.
Journal of The Royal Society Interface 05/2012; 9(75):2503-15. DOI:10.1098/rsif.2012.0271 · 3.92 Impact Factor
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