Single-stranded DNA binding activity of XPBI, but not XPBII, from Sulfolobus tokodaii causes double-stranded DNA melting.
ABSTRACT XPB helicase is the largest subunit of transcription factor IIH (TFIIH), a ten-subunit protein complex essential for transcription initiation and nucleotide excision repair (NER) in Eukarya. Two XPB homologues (XPBI and XPBII) are present in the genome of most crenarchaeota, one of the two major phyla of archaea; however, the biochemical properties have not been fully characterized and their cellular roles have not been clearly defined. Here, we report that XPBI from the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus tokodaii (StoXPBI) is able to destabilize double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) helix independent of ATP (designated as dsDNA melting activity). This activity is inhibited by single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and relies on the unique N-terminal domain of StoXPBI, which is also likely responsible for the intrinsic strong ssDNA binding activity of StoXPBI as revealed by deletion analysis. We demonstrate that the ATPase activity of StoXPBII is remarkably stimulated by StoBax1, a nuclease partner of StoXPBII. The role of the unique dsDNA melting activity of XPBI in NER in archaea was discussed.
- SourceAvailable from: Tatsuya NishinoChemical Reviews 03/2006; 106(2):324-39. · 41.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Exposure of cells to DNA-damaging agents triggers a complex biological response involving cell cycle arrest and modulation of gene expression. Genomic sequencing has revealed the presence of archaeal genes homologous to components of the eucaryal nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway, which is involved in the repair of ultraviolet (UV) light-induced DNA damage. However, the events involved in the cell response to UV irradiation and their regulation have not been studied in Archaea. We show here that UV radiation induces the formation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus, and that these lesions are efficiently repaired in vivo in the dark, suggesting that a NER pathway is active. DNA damage is a signal for concomitant growth arrest and transcriptional induction of the NER genes XPF, XPG and XPB. The cell response to UV irradiation includes transcriptional regulation of genes encoding two DNA binding proteins involved in chromosome dynamics. Moreover, several of these genes are also strongly induced by the intercalating agent actinomycin D. Thus, response to DNA damage in S.solfataricus has features essentially conserved in all three domains of life.Nucleic Acids Research 12/2003; 31(21):6127-38. · 8.28 Impact Factor
Article: XPD structure reveals its secrets.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The XPD protein is central to our understanding of the relationship between NER deficiencies and human disorders. Three recent papers report the crystal structures of XPD from archaea. Apart from anticipated helicase domains the structures reveal a 4FeS cluster and novel "Arch" domain. The structures help our understanding of genotype-phenotype relationships in the XPD gene.DNA Repair 09/2008; 7(11):1912-5. · 4.27 Impact Factor