Under-mining health: Environmental justice and mining in India

Climate Change Program, Centers for Disease Control, USA.
Health & Place (Impact Factor: 2.44). 09/2010; 17(1). DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.09.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite the potential for economic growth, extractive mineral industries can impose negative health externalities in mining communities. We estimate the size of these externalities by combining household interviews with mine location and estimating statistical functions of respiratory illness and malaria among villagers living along a gradient of proximity to iron-ore mines in rural India. Two-stage regression modeling with cluster corrections suggests that villagers living closer to mines had higher respiratory illness and malaria-related workday loss, but the evidence for mine workers is mixed. These findings contribute to the thin empirical literature on environmental justice and public health in developing countries.

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    • "The experts were interviewed in-depth for the purpose of determining the internal structure of the survey and the variables that should measure the mining image. The initial scale consisted of eighteen items where five are related to the social impact of the mining activity (Esteves, 2008; Department of Resources Energy and Tourism, 2010; Saha et al., 2011), these being: health, education, social services, sports and leisure, and quality of life (Metcalfe, 1982; Torkington et al., 2011; Ivanova et al., 2007). Four variables measured the environmental impact (Auty, 2003; Peprah, 2008; Lockie et al., 2009; Franks et al., 2010; Giurco et al., 2012): influence on the environment , impact on nature, restoration of space/area affected by mining and the influence on agriculture. "
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    Resources Policy 09/2014; 41:23–30. DOI:10.1016/j.resourpol.2014.01.004 · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    • "Traditionally, resource curse debates have focused on the economic prospects of the 'nation', while at the local level, discussion has centered on the formation of 'resource enclaves' (Auty, 2006; Cardoso and Faletto, 1979). Research into the experiences of host communities indicates a pattern whereby social risk accrues most acutely among those people living nearest to mining activities (Littlewood, 2013; Saha et al., 2011). 1 It has been clear for some time that the market system is unable to account for and regulate the kind of dynamic social and human rights risk associated with large scale development projects, and that new deliberate efforts are required to ensure that social risk is identified, understood and responded to by those parties involved in mining development. There is significant debate about how best to 'regulate' corporate responsibilities in mining and whether 'solutions' should be entered into voluntarily, or mandated by the rule of law and enforced by the state (Schiavi and Solomon, 2007). "
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    Resources Policy 09/2014; 41(1):91–100. DOI:10.1016/j.resourpol.2014.03.006 · 2.14 Impact Factor
    • "Although there is some ambiguity over the nature and size of bias in self-reported health data (Saha et al. 2011, Subramaniam et al. 2009), we include socioeconomic variables such as education and income in the analysis to control for potential biases. e remaining outcome ensues from a unique aspect of these studies: direct measurement of indoor air pollution. "
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    136st APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition 2008; 10/2008
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