Effects of unplanned pregnancy on neonatal health in Turkey: A case-control study
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate effects of unplanned pregnancy on neonatal health. This is a retrospective case-control study and included 314 babies selected with a non-probability method. Data were collected with a questionnaire of descriptive characteristics and neonatal health and Parent Infant Interaction Assessment Scale. A significantly higher rate of the babies born to the women with unplanned pregnancy had meconium in their amniotic fluid (14.6% vs. 7.0%; P = 0.029), needed special care (20.4% vs. 11.5%; P = 0.031) and were kept in the incubators (12.7% vs. 4.5%; P = 0.009). Both the babies born to the women with unplanned pregnancy and the babies born to the women with planned pregnancy were first fed with breast milk (96.8% of the unplanned group; 98.1% of the planned group), but a higher rate of the babies born to the women with unplanned pregnancy had problems with breast-feeding. (19.1% vs. 5.1%; P = 0.000). The babies born to the women with unplanned pregnancy got significantly lower scores on Parent Infant Interaction Assessment Scale (4.86 ± 1.98 in the unplanned group; 8.52 ± 1.43 in the planned group; P = 0.000). We found that a higher rate of the babies born to the women with unplanned pregnancy needed special care, had problems with breast-feeding and negative parent-infant interaction. We recommend that women with unplanned pregnancy should be given priority on prenatal, intrapartum and postpartum care and that measures which protect and promote neonatal health should be taken.
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ABSTRACT: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is the most efficacious form of infant feeding and nutrition. Hispanic mothers in the US are more likely than mothers of other racial/ethnic groups to supplement with formula in the first 2 days of life. The purpose of this study was to explore infant feeding intentions during the prenatal period as a predictor of EBF at postpartum discharge in a sample of Hispanic women (n = 99). At discharge, 51 % of the women were EBF, 44 % were breastfeeding and supplementing with formula, and 5 % were feeding only formula. Intention to breastfeed was found to be a strong and potentially modifiable predictor of breastfeeding behavior, showing a significant association with EBF upon discharge from the hospital after birth when linked with acceptance of pregnancy and method of delivery. Prenatal care offers a unique opportunity to enhance intentions to breastfeed that may lead to improved EBF in this health vulnerable population.Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 06/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10903-014-0049-0 · 1.16 Impact Factor