CD4+/CD25+ cells in systemic inflammation in COPD.
ABSTRACT The autoimmune reaction is recently suspected to play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). As COPD is a systemic disease, the elements of an autoimmune response in circulatory system is of interest. It has been shown that regulatory T cells are important in the control of autoimmunity. There are some data on a role of adiponectin in the regulation of immune reactions. The objective of this study was to assess the elements of autoimmune reaction in the peripheral blood (PB) of patients with COPD. Twenty-eight patients with mild/moderate COPD and 20 healthy volunteers were investigated. Flow cytometry method with mixtures of monoclonal antibodies anti: CD14/CD45, CD3/CD19, CD4/CD25/CTLA4 and CD8/CD25 were used. Concentration of adiponectin was measured using ELISA method. We observed significantly lower proportion of CD4+/CD25+ as well as CD4+/CD25+ (high) cells in COPD patients than in healthy controls (15.3 versus 17.8% and 0.79 versus 1.54%, respectively, P < 0.05). The proportion of CTLA4+ cells in CD25+ cells and the mean fluorescence of CTLA4 on CD4+ cells were higher in patients than in healthy controls (10.4 versus 4.7%, P < 0.05, 189% versus 149%, non significant, respectively). We found significantly elevated concentration of adiponectin in patients when compared to healthy subjects (15.4 versus 8.5 μl/ml, P < 0.05). We found that the adiponectin/BMI ratio correlated with the decrease of FEV(1) %. The results of this study support the possible role of CD4/CD25/CTLA4 cells and adiponectin in the systemic inflammation in COPD.
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ABSTRACT: Studies on the reference values of CD4 and CD3 T cells in healthy individuals have continued to gain significance because of the importance of these immunological markers in the initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). The aim of the present study was to determine and compare the reference values of CD4 and CD3 T cells in urban and rural Nigerians who were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) negative. After ethical clearance and informed consent, 1123 subjects who met the inclusion criteria [mean age = 24.4 (± 11.2) years] were recruited in this study. Blood samples were analysed using the BD FACScount cytometer according to the manufacturer's instructions. Of the overall 1123 subjects, reference means of CD4, CD3 and CD4/CD3 ratio were 1030 ± 367, 1757 ± 609 cells/μl and 0.59 ± 0.08, respectively. Five hundred and fifty-one (49.1%) were an urban population with the mean CD4, CD3 and CD4/CD3 T cell ratio of 1032 ± 369, 1761 ± 612 cells/μl and 0.59 (±0.08), respectively. The remaining 572 (50.9%) were of a rural population with the mean CD4, CD3 and CD4/CD3 T cell ratio of 1028 ± 459, 1753 ± 958 cells/μl and 0.59 ± 0.13, respectively. Subjects with higher CD4 and CD3 T cells were more likely to be female than male (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the T cell values of the two populations (P > 0.05). Our findings provide new insight in the CD4 and CD3 T cell reference values of Nigerians.Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 07/2012; 76(1):33-8. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Autoimmune responses mediated by CD4+ T cells may contribute to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, little is known about the frequency of peripheral blood Th17 cells and Tregs in Chinese patients with COPD. This study is aimed at determining the frequency of circulating Th17 and Tregs in patients with moderate and severe COPD, heavy smokers, and healthy controls (HC).Method The percentages of circulating Th17 cells and Tregs were determined by flow cytometry in 32 patients with moderate COPD, 33 patients with severe COPD, 35 smokers, and 31 HC. The concentrations of serum Th17- and Treg-related cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The levels of retinoic acid orphan receptor (ROR)-γt and Forkhead box (Fox) p3 mRNA transcripts in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were determined by real-time PCR. The potential correlation between the percentages of Th17 Tregs, serum cytokines and lung function was evaluated.ResultsIn comparison with that in the smokers and HC, significantly higher frequencies of Th17 cells and higher levels of ROR-γt mRNA transcripts and serum IL-17A, IL-6, IL-21, IL-22 and IL-23, but lower frequency of Tregs and lower levels of Foxp3 and serum IL-10 were detected in patients with moderate and severe COPD. The increased ratios of Th17 to Tregs were negatively correlated with the values of FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC.Conclusions An imbalance of circulating Th17 cells and Tregs is associated with the deterioration of pulmonary function in patients with moderate and severe COPD.The Clinical Respiratory Journal 04/2014; · 1.66 Impact Factor