Telomere replication: poised but puzzling

WWAMI Medical Education Program, Washington State University, Spokane, WA 99210-1495, USA.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.7). 01/2011; 15(1):3-13. DOI: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2010.01220.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Faithful replication of chromosomes is essential for maintaining genome stability. Telomeres, the chromosomal termini, pose quite a challenge to replication machinery due to the complexity in their structures and sequences. Efficient and complete replication of chromosomes is critical to prevent aberrant telomeres as well as to avoid unnecessary loss of telomere DNA. Compelling evidence supports the emerging picture of synergistic actions between DNA replication proteins and telomere protective components in telomere synthesis. This review discusses the actions of various replication and telomere-specific binding proteins that ensure accurate telomere replication and their roles in telomere maintenance and protection.

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