Ghrelin levels in cord blood from concordant and discordant twin pairs: association with birth weight and postnatal catch-up growth.
ABSTRACT To determine whether cord blood ghrelin levels in discordant and concordant twins predict postnatal catch-up growth.
After obtaining parental consent, cord blood samples were collected at delivery for total ghrelin analysis. Infant weight, length and head circumference were obtained at birth, 2, 4, and 6 months of age. Data points post-discharge were obtained from the pediatrician's office or via parent contact. Pearson correlation evaluated the relationship between cord blood ghrelin levels and postnatal catch-up growth.
There was a statistically significant correlation between cord blood ghrelin levels and birth weight among concordant twins, but not among the discordant twins. Cord blood ghrelin levels did not predict postnatal growth at 6 months of age overall, but did so in the subset of monochorionic, discordant pairs.
Cord blood ghrelin levels did not correlate overall with birth size or postnatal catch-up growth in concordant and discordant twin pairs, but did so in selected subsets. Further studies are needed.
- Pediatrics 04/1966; 37(3):403-8. · 5.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ghrelin is a newly discovered orexigenic peptide originating from the stomach. Circulating ghrelin levels reflect acute and chronic energy balance in humans. However, it is not known whether ghrelin also plays a role in energy homeostasis during fetal life. Forty-one small-for-gestational age (SGA) and 34 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants were studied in order to determine whether cord blood ghrelin concentrations were different in SGA infants compared with AGA infants and the relationship to anthropometric measurements at delivery. The cord blood ghrelin concentrations of SGA infants (means+/-S.E.M.; 15.20+/-3.08 ng/ml) were significantly greater than of AGA infants (2.19+/-0.24 ng/ml) (P<0.0001). They were negatively correlated with the infants' birth weights (r=-0.481, P<0.0001) and with body mass index values (r=-0.363, P<0.001). The higher ghrelin concentrations were found in female infants (20.42+/-4.55 ng/ml) than in males (7.05+/-2.27 ng/ml) in the SGA group (P=0.042). These data provide the first evidence that cord ghrelin levels of SGA infants are greater than those of AGA infants and it is suggested that ghrelin is also affected by nutritional status in the intrauterine period.Journal of Endocrinology 03/2004; 180(2):267-71. · 3.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To establish mean plasma ghrelin levels during fetal life and childhood. Study design Cord blood was obtained at birth from premature (n=29) and full-term newborns (n=124). Fasting blood samples were taken from 224 normal subjects divided according to Tanner stage and sex. Ponderal index or body mass index was determined. Ghrelin; insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I; IGF-II; IGF binding proteins 1, 2, and 3; insulin; glucose; and leptin levels were measured. Ghrelin levels did not differ between preterm and full-term newborns. Ghrelin increased significantly after birth, peaking during the first 2 years of life, then decreasing until the end of puberty. Ghrelin levels correlated negatively with anthropometric variables in full-term newborns and postnatally, but not in preterm newborns. A positive correlation between ghrelin and IGF binding protein 1 was found. Ghrelin changes significantly throughout development, correlating with anthropometric and metabolic parameters during extrauterine life. The highest levels of ghrelin are found during early postnatal life, when growth hormone begins to exert its effects on growth and important changes in food intake occur, suggesting that this hormone may participate in these processes.Journal of Pediatrics 02/2004; 144(1):30-5. · 3.74 Impact Factor