Ghrelin levels in cord blood from concordant and discordant twin pairs: association with birth weight and postnatal catch-up growth

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Advocate Lutheran General Children's Hospital, Park Ridge, IL, USA.
The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians (Impact Factor: 1.37). 12/2010; 24(7):875-9. DOI: 10.3109/14767058.2010.531796
Source: PubMed


To determine whether cord blood ghrelin levels in discordant and concordant twins predict postnatal catch-up growth.
After obtaining parental consent, cord blood samples were collected at delivery for total ghrelin analysis. Infant weight, length and head circumference were obtained at birth, 2, 4, and 6 months of age. Data points post-discharge were obtained from the pediatrician's office or via parent contact. Pearson correlation evaluated the relationship between cord blood ghrelin levels and postnatal catch-up growth.
There was a statistically significant correlation between cord blood ghrelin levels and birth weight among concordant twins, but not among the discordant twins. Cord blood ghrelin levels did not predict postnatal growth at 6 months of age overall, but did so in the subset of monochorionic, discordant pairs.
Cord blood ghrelin levels did not correlate overall with birth size or postnatal catch-up growth in concordant and discordant twin pairs, but did so in selected subsets. Further studies are needed.

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