Chemotaxis of MDCK-F cells toward fibroblast growth factor-2 depends on transient receptor potential canonical channel 1.
ABSTRACT Movement toward the source of a chemoattractant gradient is a basic cellular property in health and disease. Enhanced migration during metastasis involves deregulated growth factor signaling. Growth factor stimulation and cell migration converge both on the important second messenger Ca(2+). To date, the molecular identification of Ca(2+) entry pathways activated by growth factors during chemotaxis is still an open issue. We investigated the involvement of the nonselective Ca(2+) channel TRPC1 (transient receptor potential canonical 1) in FGF-2 guided chemotaxis by means of time-lapse video microscopy and by functional Ca(2+) measurements. To specifically address TRPC1 function in transformed MDCK cells we altered the expression levels by siRNA or overexpression. We report that TRPC1 channels are required for the orientation of transformed MDCK cells in FGF-2 gradients because TRPC1 knockdown or pharmacological blockade prevented chemotaxis. Stimulation with FGF-2 triggered an immediate Ca(2+) influx via TRPC1 channels that depended on phospholipase C and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling. Impeding this Ca(2+) influx abolished chemotaxis toward FGF-2. This functional connection correlated with clustering of FGF receptors and TRPC1 channels as was observed by immunolabeling. These findings show the important interplay between growth factor signaling and Ca(2+) influx in chemotaxis.
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ABSTRACT: We studied the ionic currents activated by basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAE-1) by using patch-clamp and single-cell fluorimetric calcium measurements. In whole-cell, voltage-clamp experiments at V(h) = -50 mV, the addition of either bFGF (20 ng/ml) or IGF-I (50 ng/ml) induced an inward current with similar amplitude, time course, and permeation properties. The response was dependent on receptor occupancy and showed a desensitisation in the continued presence of the factors. Ionic substitutions in whole-cell experiments indicated that the current barely discriminated among Na(+), Ca(+), and K(+) ions. Accordingly, stimulation with bFGF or IGF-I induced a dose-dependent [Ca(2+)](i) elevation completely due to entry from the extracellular medium, whereas no detectable release from internal stores was observed. Calcium influx was dependent on protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) activity; it was significantly inhibited by treatment with genistein or tyrphostin 47, two PTK inhibitors, and not affected by inactive analogues, daidzein, and tyrphostin 1. Moreover, addition of 200 microM Na(3)VO(4), an inhibitor of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) activity, evoked the responses to the factors both in patch-clamp and in fluorimetric measurements. Cell-attached recordings using 100 mM CaCl(2) in the pipette showed that bFGF and IGF-I activate calcium-permeable channels with similar properties. These results provide evidence for a calcium influx induced by two factors that bind to tyrosine kinase receptors (RTK) in endothelial cells.Journal of Cellular Physiology 01/2001; 185(3):454-63. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Calcium arising through release from intracellular stores and from influx across the plasma membrane is essential for signalling by specific guidance cues and by factors that inhibit axon regeneration. The mediators of calcium influx in these cases are largely unknown. Transient receptor potential channels (TRPCs) belong to a superfamily of Ca2+-permeable, receptor-operated channels that have important roles in sensing and responding to changes in the local environment. Here we report that XTRPC1, a Xenopus homolog of mammalian TRPC1, is required for proper growth cone turning responses of Xenopus spinal neurons to microscopic gradients of netrin-1, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and myelin-associated glycoprotein, but not to semaphorin 3A. Furthermore, XTRPC1 is required for midline guidance of axons of commissural interneurons in the developing Xenopus spinal cord. Thus, members of the TRPC family may serve as a key mediator for the Ca2+ influx that regulates axon guidance during development and inhibits axon regeneration in adulthood.Nature Neuroscience 07/2005; 8(6):730-5. · 15.25 Impact Factor
Article: Cells move when ions and water flow.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cell migration is a process that plays an important role throughout the entire life span. It starts early on during embryogenesis and contributes to shaping our body. Migrating cells are involved in maintaining the integrity of our body, for instance, by defending it against invading pathogens. On the other side, migration of tumor cells may have lethal consequences when tumors spread metastatically. Thus, there is a strong interest in unraveling the cellular mechanisms underlying cell migration. The purpose of this review is to illustrate the functional importance of ion and water channels as part of the cellular migration machinery. Ion and water flow is required for optimal migration, and the inhibition or genetic ablation of channels leads to a marked impairment of migration. We briefly touch cytoskeletal mechanisms of migration as well as cell-matrix interactions. We then present some general principles by which channels can affect cell migration before we discuss each channel group separately.Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology 02/2007; 453(4):421-32. · 4.87 Impact Factor