Outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) for bone and joint infections: experience from a UK teaching hospital-based service.
ABSTRACT We describe failure rates of 198 patients with bone and joint infection (BJI), including prosthetic joint infection and diabetic foot osteomyelitis, managed through the Glasgow centre for outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) over a period of 4 years. Outcomes following initial intravenous antimicrobial therapy and a median follow-up time of 60 weeks are described.
A prospectively maintained registry of all patients attending OPAT was examined for cases of BJI. Once identified, patient case records were reviewed and data extracted. Diagnosis, demographics, microbiology and treatment were recorded, and case records were examined for evidence of failing initial prescribed OPAT therapy and up to 24 months of follow-up.
One hundred and ninety-eight cases of BJI were identified. The overall success rate following initial OPAT was 86.4%, with a range from 71.8% success rate for diabetic foot or stump infection (DFI) to 100% for metalwork-related infection. The failure rate over the follow-up period was 29.8%. Factors associated with poor initial outcome included older age, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection and DFI, factors that continued to explain failure up to 24 months in multivariate survival analysis.
For the majority of conditions, BJI can be successfully managed through OPAT. Identification of those likely to respond less well, including older patients, those with DFI and those with infections by resistant organisms, may encourage enhanced vigilance and consideration of newer or more aggressive treatments in these subgroups of patients.
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ABSTRACT: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) has become a global treatment modality since its advent in 1974. The multicentre outcome registries that were employed at the turn of the century to demonstrate the benefits and challenges in this treatment setting have been discontinued. In the intervening years, trends in clinical, patient satisfaction, programmatic and economic outcomes have been shown in sporadic cohort analyses from around the globe. These outcomes are generally reassuring and compare well with previous registry data. However, meaningful comparison of a range of key outcomes is hampered by a lack of uniformity to outcome reporting. In addition to 'whole programme' outcome reports, several studies have detailed real-world outcomes in OPAT pertaining to specific conditions and populations. This work has shown how prospective data collection in the OPAT setting can yield valuable insights into the effectiveness and safety of the management of many conditions, such as osteoarticular infection and endocarditis, in a diverse range of populations and increasingly from different countries. Enhanced and perhaps more uniform outcome surveillance in this fashion now constitutes good practice and will enable the benefits and risks of this treatment modality to be shared both in novel and established OPAT arenas.International journal of antimicrobial agents 10/2013; · 3.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: AimTo evaluate adherence to the 2012 Infectious Diseases Society of America practice guidelines for the management of patients with diabetic foot infections and to determine an association between adherence and clinical outcome.MethodsA retrospective chart review was performed to evaluate the management and clinical outcomes of patients with diabetic foot infections treated with outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy between 1 January 2011 and 30 June 2012 at Wishard Health Services/Eskenazi Health. Adherence to individual Infectious Diseases Society of America diabetic foot infection treatment guideline recommendations was measured, and then assessed in relation to clinical outcome.ResultsA total of 57 patients (61% male, mean age 54 years) with moderate to severe diabetic foot infection met the inclusion criteria. None of the treatment courses of these patients adhered to all the Infectious Diseases Society of America guideline recommendations. The recommendations most frequently adhered to were consultation of appropriate multidisciplinary teams (n=54, 94.7%) and performance of diagnostic imaging (n=52, 89.5%). The recommendations least frequently adhered to were diabetic foot wound classification scoring on admission (n=0, 0%), appropriate culture acquisition (n=12, 21.2%), surgical intervention when indicated (n=32, 46.2%) and appropriate empiric antibiotic selection (n=34, 59.7%). Of 56 patients, 52 (92.9%) experienced clinical cure at the end of outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy compared with 34 of 53 patients (64%) at 6 months after the completion of therapy. Adherence to individual guidelines was not associated with clinical outcome. Patients who experienced treatment failure were more likely to have severe diabetic foot infection or peripheral neuropathy.Conclusions Adherence to the Infectious Diseases Society of America diabetic foot infection guideline recommendations was found to be suboptimal in the present study. The effect of adhering to individual Infectious Diseases Society of America diabetic foot infection recommendations on clinical outcome needs to be investigated.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Diabetic Medicine 05/2014; · 3.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Attempted joint salvage of infected primary arthroplasty traditionally has utilized joint washouts in combination with costly long-term inpatient parenteral antibiotic regimens. Outpatient and home parenteral antibiotic therapy (OHPAT) represents a potential alternative. However, there is a lack of published data on its value for primary deep arthroplasty infection. This paper describes the surgical and microbiologic outcomes of a cohort of patients with deep arthroplasty infections treated with OHPAT after surgical washout and debridement. Methods: Local OHPAT records identified all patients who underwent attempted joint salvage of a primary hip or knee replacement complicated by a deep post-operative infection between February 2006 and February 2009. Minimum follow-up for all patients was 24 mos. For each patient, hospital records were reviewed to ascertain the effectiveness of treatment. Results: In total, 14 patients (10 total knee replacements; four total hip replacements) were identified from the records. Eleven joints (79%) were salvaged. There was a trend toward a higher salvage rate with early infection (<6 mos after primary surgery), with eight of nine joints (89%) being salvaged, versus 60% (three of five) for later presentation. Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus was the most common organism identified (43% of cases), and 57% of infections were polymicrobial. The average duration of OHPAT was 58 days. Two patients were readmitted because of clinical deterioration, both of whom later required revision. All patients, regardless of their outcomes, stated they were satisfied with the OHPAT service and believed it was more convenient than inpatient treatment. We estimate OHPAT saved approximately £13,000 per patient episode. Conclusions: Use of OHPAT for deep infection after primary arthroplasty has a high success rate. It is effective at identifying patients failing treatment, is cost-effective, and has a high level of patient satisfaction.Surgical Infections 05/2013; · 1.72 Impact Factor