Staff members' understandings about communication with individuals who have multiple learning disabilities: a case of Finnish OIVA communication training.
ABSTRACT Often communication training has been directed at the communication practices of staff members working with people with multiple learning disabilities. To date, the thinking habits of staff members, which also influence interactions, have not been addressed. We identified the issues staff members perceived as important for their development as communication partners after participating in a communication training program.
Six key staff members participated in semistructured interviews that explored the insights they had gained during participation in the Finnish communication training program OIVA.
Participating staff members identified issues relating to the communication practices and thinking habits they had acquired during the training. Both communication practices and thinking habits were important for the staff members' development as communication partners.
The findings of this study suggest that it is important to give staff members the opportunity to learn new practices and to explore the thinking that underpins the actions they perform during communication training.
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents a brief account of communication interventions and describes recent developments in the field resulting in shifts in intervention focus, perspectives, and strategies. In examining communication interventions as one example of professional efforts to ameliorate the effects of disability, the author concluded that the real point of such efforts is not so much improved communication as membership in society. The concept of membership was explored, including the ways in which individuals construct stories that make the communication acts of individuals with severe disabilities commonplace and socially valuable. Efforts to foster communication (e.g., change behavior, adjust movement) should shift to ensuring that membership in society is achieved.Mental Retardation 03/1994; 32(1):7-18.
Article: Sampling for qualitative research.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The probability sampling techniques used for quantitative studies are rarely appropriate when conducting qualitative research. This article considers and explains the differences between the two approaches and describes three broad categories of naturalistic sampling: convenience, judgement and theoretical models. The principles are illustrated with practical examples from the author's own research.Family Practice 01/1997; 13(6):522-5. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present research project was to examine change in interactive behaviors between staff and residents of facilities that serve individuals with mental retardation. Twelve staff members were trained using an adapted component of the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training model, the Mental Retardation/Developmental Disabilities Adaptation of the Nursing Child Assessment Feeding Scale. Data indicated some slight increases in positive interactive staff behaviors with some small indications of generalization to another task and maintenance over a 6-month period in one setting. Little or inconsistent change was indicated in resident behaviors. Recommendations are made for further investigation of factors related to behavior change in staff and residents.Research in Developmental Disabilities 01/1996; 17(5):363-82. · 3.40 Impact Factor