Conditionally replicating adenovirus expressing TIMP2 for ovarian cancer therapy.
ABSTRACT Current treatments for ovarian cancer have limited therapeutic outcomes due to advanced stage of the disease at diagnosis. Among new therapies, conditionally replicating adenoviruses (CRAds), designed to selectively lyse cancer cells, hold promise. In clinical trials, CRAds exhibited limited efficacy thus far. Second-generation CRAds are being developed to express a therapeutic protein to enhance antitumor efficacy. One attractive target in the tumor microenvironment is the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that degrade the extracellular matrix, and are upregulated in ovarian cancer. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP2) is an endogenous inhibitor of MMPs. The present study developed and evaluated a novel CRAd (Ad5/3-CXCR4-TIMP2) for ovarian cancer therapy.
A targeted CRAd, Ad5/3-CXCR4-TIMP2 was developed using the CXCR4 promoter for enhanced replication, and expressing the TIMP2 transgene. The efficacy of this armed CRAd was determined in both established human ovarian cancer cell lines and in primary ovarian tumor samples.
Ad5/3-CXCR4-TIMP2 mediated expression of functional TIMP2, as demonstrated by the inhibition of MMP activity. In addition, arming with TIMP2 did not inhibit viral replication or oncolytic potency, as the TIMP2-armed viruses showed enhanced killing of cancer cells when compared to the unarmed viruses. We also examined viral replication in primary ovarian cancer tissues obtained from patients with stage III and IV ovarian cancer. In four of the five tumor samples, Ad5/3-CXCR4-TIMP2 revealed a 21- to 89-fold increase in replication when compared to the Ad5/3 virus.
Results support the translational potential of Ad5/3-CXCR4-TIMP2 for treatment of patients with advanced ovarian cancer.
Article: A Tumor-stroma Targeted Oncolytic Adenovirus Replicated in Human Ovary Cancer Samples and Inhibited Growth of Disseminated Solid Tumors in Mice.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Targeting the tumor stroma in addition to the malignant cell compartment is of paramount importance to achieve complete tumor regression. In this work, we modified a previously designed tumor stroma-targeted conditionally replicative adenovirus (CRAd) based on the SPARC promoter by introducing a mutated E1A unable to bind pRB and pseudotyped with a chimeric Ad5/3 fiber (Ad F512v1), and assessed its replication/lytic capacity in ovary cancer in vitro and in vivo. AdF512v1 was able to replicate in fresh samples obtained from patients: (i) with primary human ovary cancer; (ii) that underwent neoadjuvant treatment; (iii) with metastatic disease. In addition, we show that four intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of 5 × 10(10) v.p. eliminated 50% of xenografted human ovary tumors disseminated in nude mice. Moreover, AdF512v1 replication in tumor models was enhanced 15-40-fold when the tumor contained a mix of malignant and SPARC-expressing stromal cells (fibroblasts and endothelial cells). Contrary to the wild-type virus, AdF512v1 was unable to replicate in normal human ovary samples while the wild-type virus can replicate. This study provides evidence on the lytic capacity of this CRAd and highlights the importance of targeting the stromal tissue in addition to the malignant cell compartment to achieve tumor regression.Molecular Therapy (2012); doi:10.1038/mt.2012.147.Molecular Therapy 09/2012; · 6.87 Impact Factor