Article

FOXP3, IL-10, and TGF-β genes expression in children with IgE-dependent food allergy.

Department of Pediatric Allergology, Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Medical University of Lodz, Sporna 36/50, 91-738, Lodz, Poland.
Journal of Clinical Immunology (Impact Factor: 3.38). 11/2010; 31(2):205-15. DOI: 10.1007/s10875-010-9487-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Regulatory T cells (Tregs) have an essential role in tolerance and immune regulation. However, few and controversial data have been published to date on the role and number of these cells in food allergic children. The forkhead/winged-helix transcription factor box protein 3 (FOXP3) is considered the most reliable marker for Tregs.
This study aims to investigate the FOXP3, interleukin (IL)-10, and transforming growth factor (TGF-β) genes expression in children with IgE-dependent food allergy.
The study group consisted of 54 children with IgE-dependent food allergy (FA) and a control group of 26 non-atopic healthy children. The diagnosis of FA was established using questionnaires, clinical criteria, skin prick tests, serum sIgE antibodies (UniCAP 100 Pharmacia Upjohn), and a double-blind placebo control food challenge. In order to assess gene expression, the isolation of nucleated cells was performed using Histopaque-1077 (Sigma-Aldrich, Germany). The concentration of RNA obtained was measured using a super-sensitive NanoDrop ND1000 spectrophotometer (Thermo Scientific, USA). A reverse transcription reaction was performed using a commercially available set of High Capacity cDNA Archive Kit (Applied Biosystems, USA). Analysis have been carried out in the genetic analyzer 7900HT Real-Time PCR (Applied Biosystems, USA).
The average level of the FOXP3 gene expression in the studied group was 2.19 ± 1.16 and in the control group 2.88 ± 1.66 (p = 0.03). The average level of IL10 mRNA expression in the study group was 13.6 ± 1.07 and was significantly lower than corresponding values in the control group 14.3 ± 1.1 (p = 0.01). There were no significant differences in the average level of the TGF-β mRNA expression in the study group (3.4 ± 0.4) and controls (3.5 ± 0.3; p > 0.05). The FOXP3 gene expression was the highest in children who acquired tolerance to food (3.54 ± 0.75), lower in heated allergen-tolerant children (2.43 ± 0.81), and the lowest in heated allergen-reactive children (1.18 ± 0.5; p = 0.001 control vs heated allergen reactive; p = 0.005 heated allergen tolerant vs heated allergen reactive; p = 0.001 outgrown vs heated allergen reactive). The significant tendency toward lower total IgE levels with a higher FOXP3 mRNA expression was detected (n = 54; Pearson r = -0.4393; p = 0.001).
Children with FA showed statistically significant lower level of the FOXP3 and IL10 gene expression than healthy children. Children acquiring tolerance to the food show significantly higher levels of the FOXP3 gene expression than children with active FA. The correlation between the level of FOXP3 and total IgE was detected.

1 Bookmark
 · 
105 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Allergen-specific immunotherapy favours immune deviation from a Th2 to a Th1 response and increases the number of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) of sensitized mice decreases the clinical and the allergen-specific Th2 responses, and increases local and peripheral Foxp3(+) Tregs. To investigate the role of Tregs in EPIT, and characterize their phenotype and maintenance following EPIT. Tregs were investigated using in vivo depletion or adoptive transfer into BALB/c mice. Tregs were depleted using anti-CD25 antibody injection during EPIT and allergen-specific responses were compared to Sham, EPIT alone, and naïve mice. To demonstrate that Tregs can mediate protection by their own, and to study their maintenance following the end of EPIT, CD25(+) CD4(+) Tregs isolated from mice just after or eight weeks after EPIT were transferred into peanut-sensitized mice. Foxp3-IRES-mRFP mice were transferred with EPIT-induced Tregs to analyze the induction of host Tregs. The anti-CD25 antibody injection to EPIT mice abrogated the induction of Tregs in spleen and the expression of Foxp3 in oesophagus. This resulted in levels of peanut-induced eosinophilic infiltration in esophagus similar to Sham and significantly higher than EPIT. Whereas the transfer of Tregs from Sham-treated mice demonstrated no effect, the transfer of Tregs isolated just after EPIT prevented peanut-induced eosinophil infiltration and eotaxin expression, and induced Foxp3 in oesophagus. The transfer of Tregs isolated 8 weeks after EPIT suppressed allergen-specific responses as efficiently as did Tregs isolated just after EPIT, and increased spleen Foxp3(+) CD25(+) CD4(+) cells similarly. The use of reporter mice demonstrated an increase of host Tregs. These results confirm the Tregs-mediated mechanism of EPIT and demonstrate the persistence of efficient Tregs during a long period of time after treatment cessation. This suggests that EPIT induces long-term tolerance in peanut-sensitized mice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 03/2014; · 4.79 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Faecal microbiota of healthy infant displays a large abundance of Bifidobacterium spp. and Bacteroides spp. Although some studies have reported an association between these two genera and allergy, these findings remain a subject of debate. Using a gnotobiotic mouse model of cow's milk allergy, we investigated the impact of an infant gut microbiota – mainly composed of Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides spp. – on immune activation and allergic manifestations. The transplanted microbiota failed to restore an ileal T-cell response similar to the one observed in conventional mice. This may be due to the low bacterial translocation into Peyer's patches in gnotobiotic mice. The allergic response was then monitored in germ-free, gnotobiotic, and conventional mice after repeated oral sensitization with whey proteins and cholera toxin. Colonized mice displayed a lower drop of rectal temperature upon oral challenge with b-lactoglobulin, lower plasma mMCP-1, and lower anti-BLG IgG1 than germ-free mice. The foxp3 gene was highly expressed in the ileum of both colonized mice that were protected against allergy. This study is the first demonstration that a transplanted healthy infant microbiota mainly composed of Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides had a protective impact on sensitization and food allergy in mice despite altered T-cell response in the ileum.
    FEMS Microbiology Ecology 01/2012; 79(1):192-202. · 3.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The immune system is important for protection against pathogens and malignant cells. However, malfunction of the immune system can also result in detrimental auto-immune diseases, inflammatory diseases, cancers and allergies. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), present in numerous tissues and cell subsets, including cells of the immune system, plays an important role in the functioning of the immune system. Activation of the AhR is for example associated with various effects on dendritic cells (DCs), regulatory T cells and the Th1/Th2 cell balance. These cells play a major role in the development of food allergy. Food allergy is an increasing health problem in both humans and animals. Despite the knowledge in risk factors and cellular mechanisms for food allergy, no approved treatments are available yet. Recently, it has been shown that activation of the AhR by dioxin-like compounds suppresses allergic sensitization by suppressing the absolute number of precursor and effector T cells, by preserving CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg cells and by affecting DCs and their interaction with effector T cells. Future research should elucidate whether and how AhR activation can be used to interfere in food allergic responses in humans and in animals. This may lead to new prevention strategies and therapeutic possibilities for food allergy.
    The Veterinary quarterly. 06/2013;

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
44 Downloads
Available from
May 28, 2014