Evaluation of the influence of ozonotherapy on the clinical parameters and MMP levels in patients with chronic and aggressive periodontitis
ABSTRACT A comparison of the clinical status and salivary MMP levels after SRP alone or with ozonotherapy in patients with aggressive and chronic periodontitis.
The study was performed in 52 generally healthy subjects with chronic or aggressive periodontitis. Group CP-S consisted of 12 patients with chronic periodontitis, who underwent scaling and root planing (SRP). In group CP-O there were 25 patients with chronic periodontitis who additionaly to SRP underwent ozonotherapy. The same therapy was performed in group AP, containing 15 patients with aggressive periodontitis. Plaque index, approximal plaque index, bleeding on probing, sulcus bleeding index, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment loss were measured at baseline, at two weeks and two months post-therapy. The levels of MMP-1, MMP-8 and MMP-9 were estimated in non-stimulated saliva with an ELISA method.
All the clinical parameters assessed in the study groups were reduced after treatment. SRP with additional ozonotherapy provided an increase in MMP levels in patients with chronic periodontitis and a reduction in MMP levels in patients with aggressive periodontitis.
SRP followed by ozonotherapy does not lead to further improvement in clinical periodontal parameters in patients with AP and CP.
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- "Periodontitis is one of the major chronic inflammatory diseases associated with increased production of numerous proinflammatory cytokines, which lead to the destruction of periodontal tissues and ultimately loss of teeth. Tissue destruction in periodontitis results in breakdown of the collagen fibers of the periodontal ligament, resulting in the formation of a periodontal pocket between the gingiva and the tooth  . There is emerging evidence of a two-way relationship between diabetes and periodontitis, with diabetes increasing the risk for periodontitis, and periodontal inflammation negatively affecting glycemic control and the progression of vascular complications [6,7,11–16]. "
ABSTRACT: We assessed periodontal status in patients with type 1 diabetes and healthy individuals in relation to their glycemic control, smoking and inflammatory biomarkers. Periodontal status was examined in 107 patients with diabetes and 40 controls, using Oral Hygiene Index (OHI), Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and tooth number. CPI values of 0-2 and 3-4 were classified as non-periodontitis and periodontitis, respectively. Blood samples were analyzed for glucose, HbA1c, CRP, fibrinogen, interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Periodontitis was found in 15.0% of the controls and 57.9% of diabetic patients, including 40.0% of these with good metabolic control (GMC) and 59.5% of those with poor metabolic control (PMC). Severe periodontitis was more frequent in the PMC than in the GMC group and in the controls (26.0% vs. 20.0% vs. 5.0%). The PMC patients had lower number of sextants with CPI 0 and higher number of sextants with CPI 3 and CPI 4 as well as lower tooth number in comparison with the controls. The patients with periodontitis had higher TNF-α (p<0.001) and OHI (p<0.001) than the patients without periodontitis. The number of sextants with CPI 0 correlated negatively with fibrinogen and TNF-α levels, whereas the number of sextants with CPI 3 correlated positively with TNF-α and fasting glucose level. There is good evidence that type 1 diabetes increases the risk of periodontal disease. Our results suggest that poor metabolic control of diabetes together with smoking and inadequate oral hygiene increase the risk of severe periodontal destruction in patients with type 1 diabetes.Advances in Medical Sciences 03/2014; 59(1):126-31. DOI:10.1016/j.advms.2014.01.002 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of host-derived proteinases reported to mediate multiple functions associated with periodontal destruction and inflammation. We have previously reported high MMP levels in African-American children with localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP). However, little is known about MMP reductions in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) after therapy. This study aimed to evaluate MMP levels in the GCF following treatment of LAP and to correlate these levels with clinical response. Methods: GCF samples were collected from 29 African-American individuals diagnosed with LAP. GCF was collected from one diseased site (pocket depth [PD]>4mm, bleeding on probing [BoP] and clinical attachment level [CAL] ≥2mm) and one healthy site (PD≤3mm, no BoP) from each individual at baseline, 3 and 6 months after periodontal treatment, which consisted of full-mouth SRP and systemic antibiotics. The volume of GCF was controlled using a calibrated gingival fluid meter and levels of MMP-1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 12 and 13 were assessed using fluorometric kits. Results: MMP-1, 8, 9 12, and 13 levels were reduced significantly up to 6 months, at which point were comparable with healthy sites. Significant correlations were noted between MMP-2, 3, 8, 9, 12 and 13 levels and % of sites with PD>4mm. MMP-3, 12 and 13 levels also correlated with mean pocket depth of affected sites. Conclusion: Treatment of LAP with SRP and systemic antibiotics was effective in reducing the local levels specific MMPs in African-American individuals, which correlated positively with some clinical parameters.Journal of Periodontology 03/2013; DOI:10.1902/jop.2013.130002 · 2.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Purpose: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are implicated in cancer cells invasion and metastasis processes and have been investigated as potential cancer biomarkers. In this study MMP-9 gene expression and MMP-9 -1562 C/T polymorphism in breast and non-small cell lung cancer patients' blood and tumor samples and its correlation with clinicopathological parameters were investigated. Material/Methods: MMP-9 gene expression was assessed by reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction method in 108 cancer patients' blood and tumor samples. MMP-9 -1562 C/T polymorphism was determined by the polymerase chain reaction - based restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Results: Significant relationship of MMP-9 gene expression and tumor differentiation grade was found only between groups with G1 and G3 breast tumors. Low survival rates were identified among positive MMP-9 expression in blood and ductal carcinoma of the breast (p=0.01) and negative progesterone receptor reaction (p=0.04). Significant differences in the distribution among genotypes were found between groups with stage I and stages III/IV (p=0.005) as well as between groups with lymph node status N0 and N1 (p<0.001). Breast cancer patients with tumor differentiation grade G3 and identified CC variant had a longer survival time (p=0.014). Shorter survival time was found among positive MMP-9 expression in tumor and stage I non-small cell lung cancer patients with negative lymph node (p=0.012) and squamous cell carcinoma (p=0.019). Conclusions: Expression of MMP-9 in blood and tumor together indicates worse prognosis for breast cancer patients.Advances in Medical Sciences 05/2013; 58(1):48-57. DOI:10.2478/v10039-012-0066-y · 0.96 Impact Factor