Evaluation of the influence of ozonotherapy on the clinical parameters and MMP levels in patients with chronic and aggressive periodontitis.
ABSTRACT A comparison of the clinical status and salivary MMP levels after SRP alone or with ozonotherapy in patients with aggressive and chronic periodontitis.
The study was performed in 52 generally healthy subjects with chronic or aggressive periodontitis. Group CP-S consisted of 12 patients with chronic periodontitis, who underwent scaling and root planing (SRP). In group CP-O there were 25 patients with chronic periodontitis who additionaly to SRP underwent ozonotherapy. The same therapy was performed in group AP, containing 15 patients with aggressive periodontitis. Plaque index, approximal plaque index, bleeding on probing, sulcus bleeding index, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment loss were measured at baseline, at two weeks and two months post-therapy. The levels of MMP-1, MMP-8 and MMP-9 were estimated in non-stimulated saliva with an ELISA method.
All the clinical parameters assessed in the study groups were reduced after treatment. SRP with additional ozonotherapy provided an increase in MMP levels in patients with chronic periodontitis and a reduction in MMP levels in patients with aggressive periodontitis.
SRP followed by ozonotherapy does not lead to further improvement in clinical periodontal parameters in patients with AP and CP.
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ABSTRACT: Eight adult periodontitis (AP) patients were studied immunohistochemically to determine the presence of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-8 in the marginal gingival and gingival granulation tissue specimens obtained from periodontal flap surgery after scaling and root planing. Clinically healthy gingival tissue specimens obtained from impacted third-molar extraction operations served as controls. MMP-type-specific antisera were applied by the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex staining method. Moderate immunoreactivity for neutrophil collagenase (MMP-8) was found both in the AP patients' marginal gingival connective tissue and in gingival granulation tissue specimens. Immunoreactivity for fibroblast-type collagenase (MMP-1) and stromelysin-1 (MMP-3) was detected only in the AP patients' gingival granulation tissue specimens. In the control specimens, no immunoreactivity for the MMPs could be detected. For the first time, this finding demonstrates immunohistochemically the presence of MMP-8 in human inflamed gingiva in situ, and further highlights the importance of MMP-8 in periodontal tissue destruction, evidently during the acute phase(s) of the disease. However, our results confirm and extend previous studies indicating that other types of MMPs from resident gingival cell sources also seem to participate in the chronic and destructive course of periodontal inflammation.Scandinavian journal of dental research 01/1995; 102(6):342-9.
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ABSTRACT: Connective tissue remodeling is essential for normal growth and development, and many diseases have long been associated with the breakdown of the collagenous matrix of bone, cartilage, and related tissues. Recent work has established that members of the family of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are key enzymes in matrix degradation. They function at neutral pH and can digest synergistically all the matrix macromolecules. Biochemical and cloning studies indicate that there are three major groups, collagenases, gelatinases, and stromelysins. Naturally occurring inhibitors, TIMPs (Tissue Inhibitors of MetalloProteinases), are important controlling factors in the actions of MMPs, and tissue destruction in disease processes often correlates with an imbalance of MMPs over TIMPs. The major inhibitor is TIMP-1 (or TIMP), a 30-kDa glycoprotein that is synthesized by most cells. The expression of MMPs and TIMPs by cells is regulated by many cytokines (particularly interleukin-1, IL-1), growth factors, and hormones, some of which are specific to cell type and others that are ubiquitous (e.g., transforming growth factor beta, TGF-beta). One way in which pathogenic organisms might mediate tissue degradation in periodontal diseases is through the ability of cell wall antigens to stimulate cytokine production by circulating mononuclear cells. These would then induce MMP synthesis by resident gingival cells, thereby initiating degradative events. Direct in vivo evidence for the source of collagenase and other MMPs in periodontal tissues is limited. By using specific polyclonal antibodies and indirect immunofluorescence, we could demonstrate the presence of collagenase, stromelysin-1, gelatinase A, and TIMP in human gingival biopsy specimens.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)Advances in Dental Research 08/1994; 8(2):312-9.
Article: Matrix metalloproteinases: a review.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of nine or more highly homologous Zn(++)-endopeptidases that collectively cleave most if not all of the constituents of the extracellular matrix. The present review discusses in detail the primary structures and the overlapping yet distinct substrate specificities of MMPs as well as the mode of activation of the unique MMP precursors. The regulation of MMP activity at the transcriptional level and at the extracellular level (precursor activation, inhibition of activated, mature enzymes) is also discussed. A final segment of the review details the current knowledge of the involvement of MMP in specific developmental or pathological conditions, including human periodontal diseases.Critical Reviews in Oral Biology & Medicine 02/1993; 4(2):197-250.