Patient based abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture risk prediction combining clinical visualizing modalities with fluid structure interaction numerical simulations.
ABSTRACT Fluid structure interaction (FSI) simulations of patient-specific fusiform non-ruptured and contained ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) geometries were conducted. The goals were: (1) to test the ability of our FSI methodology to predict the location of rupture, by correlating the high wall stress regions with the rupture location, (2) estimate the state of the pathological condition by calculating the ruptured potential index (RPI) of the AAA and (3) predict the disease progression by comparing healthy and pathological aortas.
- Vascular Medicine 09/2002; 7(3):249-50. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Current diagnostic testing for cardiovascular pathology usually rests on either physiological or anatomic measurement. Multiple tests must then be combined to arrive at a conclusion regarding treatment of a specific pathology. Much of the diagnostic decisions currently made are based on rough estimates of outcomes, often derived from gross anatomic observations or extrapolation of physical laws. Thus, intervention for carotid and coronary disease is based on estimates of diameter stenosis, despite data to suggest that plaque character and lesion anatomy are important determinants of outcome. Similarly, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) intervention is based on maximal aneurysm diameter without regard for arterial wall composition or individual aneurysm geometry. In other words, our current diagnostic tests do not reflect the sophistication of our current knowledge of vascular disease. Using a multimodal approach, computer modeling has the potential to predict clinical outcomes based on a variety of factors including arterial wall composition, surface anatomy and hemodynamic forces. We term this more sophisticated approach "patient specific diagnostics", in which the computer models are reconstructed from patient specific clinical visualizing modalities, and material properties are extracted from experimental measurements of specimens and incorporated into the modeling using advanced material models (including nonlinear anisotropic models) and performed as dynamic simulations using the FSI (fluid structure interaction) approach. Such an approach is sorely needed to improve the effectiveness of interventions. This article will review ongoing work in "patient specific diagnostics" in the areas of carotid, coronary and aneurismal disease. We will also suggest how this approach may be applicable to management of aortic dissection. New diagnostic methods should allow better patient selection, targeted intervention and modeling of the results of different therapies.Medical & Biological Engineering 12/2008; 46(11):1059-68. · 1.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Biomechanical studies suggest that one determinant of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture is related to the stress in the wall. In this regard, a reliable and accurate stress analysis of an in vivo AAA requires a suitable 3D constitutive model. To date, stress analysis conducted on AAA is mainly driven by isotropic tissue models. However, recent biaxial tensile tests performed on AAA tissue samples demonstrate the anisotropic nature of this tissue. The purpose of this work is to study the influence of geometry and material anisotropy on the magnitude and distribution of the peak wall stress in AAAs. Three-dimensional computer models of symmetric and asymmetric AAAs were generated in which the maximum diameter and length of the aneurysm were individually controlled. A five parameter exponential type structural strain-energy function was used to model the anisotropic behavior of the AAA tissue. The anisotropy is determined by the orientation of the collagen fibers (one parameter of the model). The results suggest that shorter aneurysms are more critical when asymmetries are present. They show a strong influence of the material anisotropy on the magnitude and distribution of the peak stress. Results confirm that the relative aneurysm length and the degree of aneurysmal asymmetry should be considered in a rupture risk decision criterion for AAAs.Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 05/2008; 130(2):021023. · 1.52 Impact Factor