The Informal Sector and the Environment in Nigerian Towns: What we Know and What we Still Need to Know

Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences 01/2011;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT People of low-income in Nigerian towns/cities rely on the informal sector for survival because the sector provides ample opportunities to support their livelihood. W hether analysts are considering specific aspects of the urban informal sector in Nigeria or the role of that sector in general, it is important to understand how the sector develops and changes over time, and how it interacts w ith, and affects the environment. W e already know in a general way the many problems associated with wastes generated from urban informal economic activities; but, there are only few well documented case studies of environmental degradation associated with informal sector activities. This study draws attention to some neglected aspects of informal sector research, especially one which relates to the environment, an area which should be further investigated by researchers undertaking field research on the informal sector in N igeria . By focusing on specific sub-sectors of the informal sector, and how they affect the environment, we will be in a better position to formulate new policies that will aid environmental management and sustainability in Nigerian towns.

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    ABSTRACT: With the current scourge of unemployment and the poverty condition in Nigeria, rural entrepreneurship has had a cushion effect on the depressing economic condition of the nation. Rural entrepreneurship represents the informal sector of the economy which is characterized by small scale businesses involving petty traders and artisans. Interestingly, most research efforts on business development and effectiveness have focused mainly on businesses within the formal sector with no consideration for those in the informal sector. Although prosocial behaviours have been considered as crucial to the success of any business endeavour, these behaviours were investigated and labelled as Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB) within the formal sector with no reference to rural entrepreneurship. Hence, this paper introduced the concept of Entrepreneurial Prosocial Behaviours (EPB) as those types of behaviours essential for the development of rural entrepreneurship. It examined the nature of rural entrepreneurship in Nigeria, the theoretical explanation of entrepreneurial prosocial behaviours, its dimensions and relevance to the success of rural entrepreneurship in Nigeria. This paper concluded that prosocial behaviours are crucial to the development of small business units and recommended that such be cultivated among rural entrepreneurs. Further, this paper recommended that empirical research be conducted to validate Entrepreneurial Prosocial Behaviours (EPB) as a construct.
    International Journal of Case Studies Volume 3, Issue 4 ISSN (2305-509X). 01/2014; 3(Issue 4):2305-509.


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