Selective laser trabeculoplasty reduces mean IOP and IOP variation in normal tension glaucoma patients

Clinical Ophthalmology 01/2010;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Mohammed K El Mallah1, Molly M Walsh2, Sandra S Stinnett2, Sanjay G Asrani21Ocala Eye, Ocala, Florida, USA; 2Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina, USAPurpose: To evaluate the effect of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) patients.Patients and methods: A retrospective review was performed of NTG patients who had undergone SLT at the Duke University Eye Center between 12/2002 and 7/2005. For each eye of each patient at pre-laser and post-laser time points, the IOP measurements were summarized by mean, standard deviation, and range. Then for each of these descriptive statistics, the differences between pre-laser and post-laser values were obtained. Statistical analysis was performed using a random effects model. Main outcome measures: difference in mean IOP, standard deviation of IOP, and range of IOP.Results: Thirty-one eyes of 18 patients were included for analysis. The average of the mean ­pre-operative IOP measurements was 14.3 ± 2.6 mmHg compared to 12.2 ± 1.7 mmHg (P < 0.001) post-operatively. The mean pre-operative standard deviation was 1.9 ± 0.9 mmHg compared to 1.0 ± 0.6 mmHg (P = 0.002) post-operatively while the mean IOP range prior to treatment was 4.5 ± 2.5 mmHg compared to 2.5 ± 1.9 mmHg (P = 0.017) after treatment.Conclusion: In this pilot study, SLT was found to lower mean IOP and intervisit IOP ­variation in NTG patients. Given the importance of IOP variation and its association with glaucoma ­progression, measurement of IOP variation following treatment with SLT may be considered.Keywords: SLT, NTG, laser, glaucoma

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of laser trabeculoplasty on 24-hour intraocular pressure (IOP) in a group of medically treated open-angle glaucoma patients. Prospective experimental study. Eighteen open-angle glaucoma patients. Laser trabeculoplasty (180 degrees ) was performed on 28 eyes of 18 glaucoma patients. Twenty-four-hour IOP data were collected in a sleep laboratory before and 45 to 80 days after the procedure. Measurements of sitting and supine IOP were taken during the 16-hour diurnal/wake period, and measurements of supine IOP were taken during the 8-hour nocturnal/sleep period in 2-hour intervals. Changes in the mean, peak, and range of IOP during the office-hour, diurnal, nocturnal, and 24-hour periods. Compared with the baselines, changes in the mean, peak, and range of IOP were not significant during the office-hour period and during the diurnal period in either the sitting or the supine position. The mean, peak, and range of IOP were reduced significantly during the nocturnal period in the supine position. Mean and peak 24-hour IOP were reduced significantly in the habitual body positions (sitting during the diurnal period and supine during the nocturnal period). The reduction of mean 24-hour IOP in the supine position also was significant. In this group of medically treated open-angle glaucoma patients, laser trabeculoplasty reduced IOP more consistently during the nocturnal period than during the diurnal period.
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