El chile Serrano (Capsicum annuum L.) se consume en México básicamente en fresco, por lo que la calidad y la vida de anaquel de sus frutos son factores importantes en su comercialización; sin embargo, la literatura científica sobre esta temática es escasa. En este estudio se cuantificaron los atributos de calidad y vida de anaquel de 19 cultivares de chile Serrano desarrollados por el Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP) y por varias compañías particulares de semillas. Se utilizó un diseño experimental completamente al azar con 10 repeticiones, y cada fruto se consideró como una repetición. Se encontraron diferencias entre cultivares en peso de fruto, diámetro, longitud, firmeza, color (croma y tono o hue) y pérdida fisiológica de peso. Los cultivares 'Bandido' y 'HMX-5651' superaron (P ¿ 0.01) a los demás en peso e intensidad de color. Los materiales 'HMX-6671', 'HMX-6661', 'Blakie' y 'HS-44' destacaron por su intensidad de color. 'Centauro' fue el material con mayor valor de firmeza (P ¿ 0.01). Los materiales 'HS-49', 'HS-51', '21-20-1' y '74-5-5' registraron altos valores de firmeza y bajos porcentajes de pérdida de peso. Los cultivares '74-27-5', ¿Tampiqueño 74' y '33-12-2' presentaron valores bajos de pérdida de peso. Los materiales desarrollados por las compañías particulares sobresalieron por su mayor peso e intensidad de color, mientras que los cultivares desarrollados por el INIFAP destacaron por su mayor firmeza y menor pérdida de peso.

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Available from: Iran Alia Tejacal, Apr 24, 2014
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