Towards a LED based on a photonic crystal nanocavity for single photon sources at telecom wavelength

Microelectronic Engineering (Impact Factor: 1.34). 05/2008; DOI: 10.1016/j.mee.2007.12.063
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT A fundamental step towards achieving an "on demand" single photon source would be the possibility of electrical pumping for a single QD and thus the integration of such a device in an opto-electronic circuit. In this work we describe the fabrication process and preliminary results of a Light Emitting Diode (LED) to be integrated with a PhC nanocavity at telecom wavelength. We demonstrate the possibility of an effective electric pumping of the QDs embedded into the membrane by contacting the n-doped and p-doped layers of the thin membrane, which allows the fabrication of a PhC nanocavity on it. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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    ABSTRACT: The progress in nanofabrication has made possible the realization of optic nanodevices able to handle single photons and to exploit the quantum nature of single-photon states. In particular, quantum cryptography (or more precisely quantum key distribution, QKD) allows unconditionally secure exchange of cryptographic keys by the transmission of optical pulses each containing no more than one photon. Additionally, the coherent control of excitonic and photonic qubits is a major step forward in the field of solid-state cavity quantum electrodynamics, with potential applications in quantum computing. Here, we describe devices for realization of single photon generation and detection based on high resolution technologies and their physical properties. Particular attention will be devoted to the description of single-quantum dot sources based on photonic crystal microcavites optically and electrically driven: the electrically driven devices is an important result towards the realization of single photon source “on demand”. A new class of single photon detectors, based on superconducting nanowires, the superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs) are also introduced: the fabrication techniques and the design proposed to obtain large area coverage and photon number-resolving capability are described. Keywordsphotonic crystal microcavities-quantum dots-single photon sources and detectors-superconducting single photon detectors-photon number-resolving detectors
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    ABSTRACT: We report direct evidence of enhanced spontaneous emission in a photonic crystal light-emitting diode (LED) at telecom wavelength (λ ∼ 1300 nm). This result is crucial to obtain an electrically driven single photon source with high extraction efficiency. This kind of devices can be used for different types of applications in emerging fields like quantum key distribution, quantum information technology as well as in fundamental studies on quantum electrodynamics. In this work we present a device which combines a photonic crystal nanocavity with InAs quantum dots (QDs) and an LED, leading to cavity-enhanced emission at telecom wavelengths under electrical injection. The fabrication process, based on e-beam lithography and additive and subtractive processes, is described in detail. A well-isolated emission peak at about 1300 nm from the PhC mode electrically pumped is obtained (Q ∼ 4000), and the enhancement of the spontaneous emission rate (∼1.5 fold) is clearly evidenced by time-resolved electroluminescence measurements.
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