Article

Entre a dominação racional-legal e o carisma : o Projeto Tamar e sua intervenção em comunidades pesqueiras do litoral brasileiro

01/2005; DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69922005000300002
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT O trabalho discute a implantação e implementação de políticas públicas para o setor ambiental no Brasil, no período compreendido entre 1970 e 2000. Nesse contexto, realiza um estudo de caso do Projeto Tartarugas Marinhas (Projeto Tamar), apresentando uma análise comparativa das formas de intervenção em duas comunidades pesqueiras do litoral brasileiro: Praia do Forte (BA) e Regência (ES). Por meio de uma abordagem qualitativa, foram reconstruídos discursos e postos em diálogo para a compreensão. Constatou-se que o Projeto Tamar apresenta formas discursivas que se apóiam no modelo de sustentabilidade causal, isto é, o econômico viabiliza o ambiental. Neste âmbito, verificou-se que a lei e o discurso racional-legal são utilizados como estratégia de dominação em Praia do Forte, enquanto o carisma é parte do tipo ideal de dominação em Regência. Viu-se que essa diferenciação não ocorreu por acaso, mas é fruto de processos de resistência e conflitos que emergiram nas duas comunidades de pescadores e que está relacionada com suas especificidades socioculturais, especificamente quanto à forma como apresentam suas representações sociais e simbólicas sobre a pesca e a caça da tartaruga marinha. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT The present work discusses the implantation and implementation of political policies for the environmental sector in Brazil during the period between 1970 and 2000. In that context, it performs a study of case of the Sea Turtle Project (Tamar Project), presenting a comparative analysis of the forms of intervention in two fishing communities at the Brazilian cost: Praia do Forte (in the State of Bahia) and Regência (in the State of Espírito Santo). Discourses were reconstructed and put into discussion in order to be comprehended, through a qualitative approach. It was verified that the Tamar Project presents discursive forms which lean on the causal sustainability model, which is the economic side makes the environmental side viable. Within that framework, it could be verified that the law and legal-rational discourse are being used as a strategy of domination in Praia do Forte, while the charisma is part of the ideal type of domination in Regência. It was also noticed that this difference does not occur by accident, but it is a consequence of the process of resistance and conflicts which emerged in both fishing communities and is related to their social-cultural specificities, specifically in the way they show their social and symbolic representations about the fishing and hunting of sea turtles.

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