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Instrumento de evaluación sobre higiene postural: opinión del profesor de Educación Física

Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte 10.40 (2010): 630-651 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: Role of physical education teachers with regard to spinal misalignments Resumen El profesor de educación física debe conocer el concepto, gravedad y evolución de las desalinea-ciones más frecuentes de la columna vertebral, lo que permitirá una adecuada interpretación de los informes médicos. Con frecuencia muchos alumnos presentan de-salineaciones y restricciones de extensibilidad muscular, que desconocen que las presentan por-que la gran mayoría no han sido diagnosticadas durante el crecimiento. disposición del raquis. Hay que aprove-char las clases para educar sobre las diferentes posturas estáticas y dinámicas de la columna. Siempre es más beneficioso que estos alumnos realicen ejercicio físico a que se desarrollen sin la adecuada actividad física. Selección, 2004; 13 (1):5-17 Palabras clave: Educación Física. Escoliosis. Cifo-sis. Actitud cifótica lumbar. Cortedad isquiosural. Se-dentación. Summary Physical education teachers should know the concept, seriousness and evolution of the most fre-quent spinal misalignments so that they can inter-pret medical reports appropriately. Many students often have misalignments and muscle extensibility restrictions, which they are not aware of because the vast majority have not been diagnosed during growth. Physical education teachers are not usually aware of the most recommended exercises and physical activities for the most frequent misalign-ments, such as dorsal hyperkyphosis, lumbar kyp-hotic deformities or functional kyphosis. As a result of the high prevalence of spinal mi-salignments in the sagittal plañe and the fact that this occurrence is on the increase, physical educa-tion teachers should include flexibility exercises of the thoracic spine, strengthening of the extensors of the spinal column, as well as stretching of the hamstring muscles with a correct spine position in their classes. Classes should be used to teach peo-pie about the different static and dynamic postures ofthe spine. It is always more beneficial for these students to do physical exercise than to develop without suita-ble physical activity.
    01/2004; 13:5-17.
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    International journal of clinical and health psychology, ISSN 1697-2600, Vol. 5, Nº. 3, 2005, pags. 521-551.

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