Technological Collaboration: Bridging The Innovation Gap Between Small And Large Firms

Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Econom�a de la Empresa, Business Economics Working Papers 01/2006;
Source: RePEc


The economics of recombinant knowledge is a promising field of investigation. New technological systems emerge when strong cores of complementary knowledge consolidate and feed an array of coherent applications and implementations. However, diminishing returns to recombination eventually emerge, and the rates of growth of technological systems gradually decline. Empirical evidence based on analysis of the co-occurrence of technological classes within two or more patent applications, allows the identification and measurement of the dynamics of knowledge recombination. Our analysis focus on patent applications to the European Patent Office, in the period 1981-2003, and provides empirical evidence on the emergence of the new technological system based upon information and communication technologies (ICTs) and their wide scope of applications as the result of a process of knowledge recombination. The empirical investigation confirms that the recombination process has been more effective in countries characterized by higher levels of coherence and specialization of their knowledge space. Countries better able to master the recombinant generation of new technological knowledge have experienced higher rates of increase of national multifactor productivity growth.

Download full-text


Available from: Lluís Santamaría, May 13, 2014
15 Reads
    • "First is when the carmaker wishes to explore some new technological areas (like life-on-board entertainment). A closed relationship with a small (and dependant ) specialist is a good way to capture exclusive ideas and innovations (Nieto and Santamaria 2010). Second is when the carmaker wishes to preserve its market power (against mega suppliers): SMEs remain a good way to cut the procurement cost on certain generic components (Chanaron 2013). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The paper questions the widely accepted vision of an automotive supply chain with a very pyramidal structure that works to mega suppliers' benefit. Mobilizing an original survey of 750 French SMEs, we show that SMEs can still operate at the very top of the pyramid and that the different tiers remain porous. The first section explains why the modularization of the automotive industry has led to a pyramidalization of supply chains, enabling the emergence of mega suppliers. The second section shows how some SMEs are still able to rise to the top tier of the supply chain, a process explained in the third section. Using the notion of interstices initially formulated by Penrose, an explanation is provided as to why mega suppliers leave certain market spaces unoccupied, with SMEs subsequently filling in the gaps. The ensuing analytical grid then leads to a conclusion that will highlight two main managerial and political implications.
    Journal of Small Business Management 07/2015; DOI:10.1111/jsbm.12182 · 1.39 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Vertical networks are composed of different partners in the chain involved in all upstream and downstream flows of products, services, finance and information. A vertical network allows a firm to gain considerable knowledge about new technologies , markets and process improvements (Whitley, 2002) and has a significant impact on the successful implementation of product innovations (Miotti and Sachwald, 2003; Nieto and Santamaria, 2010). A recent study by Lasagni (2012), for example, finds cooperation with both buyers and suppliers to be positively significant in aiding innovation. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The locus of innovation is the network within which a farm is embedded. This paper investigates the relationships between network partners and innovation (types and stages in the process) in agriculture, which is unique in this field. In contrast to the majority of innovation studies, the authors also include marketing and organizational innovations and investigate the need for different partners along the innovation journey. The study is based on in-depth interviews with farmers. The findings provide useful research-related and managerial implications that enable farmers and network coordinators to improve the innovation capacity in agriculture via networking. The main conclusion is that, depending on the stage in the innovation journey and the type of innovation, different resources and hence different partners are needed. Therefore, farmers must be aware of the importance of partner suitability and network heterogeneity related to the type of innovation and stage in their innovation process.
    International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation 08/2014; 15(3). DOI:10.5367/ijei.2014.0155
  • Source
    • "Following this, an increasing number of studies have tested the relationship between ACAP and innovative performance (number of new products introduced or annual sales from new products) or organisational performance (usually profitability in terms of return on sales or assets) (Kostopoulos et al., 2010; Lichtenthaler, 2009; Tsai, 2001). The relationship between ACAP and performance also seems to hold well within SMEs: for example, Nieto and Santamaria (2010) found that technological collaboration to obtain external knowledge is critical for SMEs to improve innovativeness. Uhlaner et al. (2007) found that market research and the use of external networks for knowledge exchange (e.g. with universities, competitors, suppliers or advisers) are associated with higher sales turnover growth. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article develops and tests absorptive capacity’s relationship with one of its important forerunners – systems thinking – which, although postulated as an important element, has received little empirical attention in the absorptive capacity literature. Our contribution lies in the introduction of unique pathways through which systems thinking influences absorptive capacity and how it affects various interrelated dimensions of high-tech small and medium-sized enterprises’ performance, by examining evidence from South Korea’s semiconductor industry.
    International Small Business Journal 05/2014; 32(8):876. DOI:10.1177/0266242613483632 · 1.80 Impact Factor
Show more