Identification of CD133(-)/telomerase(low) progenitor cells in glioblastoma-derived cancer stem cell lines.
ABSTRACT Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is paradigmatic for the investigation of cancer stem cells (CSC) in solid tumors. The CSC hypothesis implies that tumors are maintained by a rare subpopulation of CSC that gives rise to rapidly proliferating progenitor cells. Although the presence of progenitor cells is crucial for the CSC hypothesis, progenitor cells derived from GBM CSC are yet uncharacterized. We analyzed human CD133(+) CSC lines that were directly derived from CD133(+) primary astrocytic GBM. In these CSC lines, CD133(+)/telomerase(high) CSC give rise to non-tumorigenic, CD133(-)/telomerase(low) progenitor cells. The proliferation of the progenitor cell population results in significant telomere shortening as compared to the CD133(+) compartment comprising CSC. The average difference in telomere length as determined by a modified multi-color flow fluorescent in situ hybridization was 320 bp corresponding to 4-8 cell divisions. Taken together, we demonstrate that CD133(+) primary astrocytic GBM comprise proliferating, CD133(-)/telomerase(low) progenitor cell population characterized by low telomerase activity and shortened telomeres as compared to CSC.
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ABSTRACT: The neural stem cell marker CD133 is reported to identify cells within glioblastoma (GBM) that can initiate neurosphere growth and tumor formation; however, instances of CD133(-) cells exhibiting similar properties have also been reported. Here, we show that some PTEN-deficient GBM tumors produce a series of CD133(+) and CD133(-) self-renewing tumor-initiating cell types and provide evidence that these cell types constitute a lineage hierarchy. Our results show that the capacities for self-renewal and tumor initiation in GBM need not be restricted to a uniform population of stemlike cells, but can be shared by a lineage of self-renewing cell types expressing a range of markers of forebrain lineage.Cancer cell 04/2010; 17(4):362-75. · 25.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neurogenesis in the mammalian central nervous system is believed to end in the period just after birth; in the mouse striatum no new neurons are produced after the first few days after birth. In this study, cells isolated from the striatum of the adult mouse brain were induced to proliferate in vitro by epidermal growth factor. The proliferating cells initially expressed nestin, an intermediate filament found in neuroepithelial stem cells, and subsequently developed the morphology and antigenic properties of neurons and astrocytes. Newly generated cells with neuronal morphology were immunoreactive for gamma-aminobutyric acid and substance P, two neurotransmitters of the adult striatum in vivo. Thus, cells of the adult mouse striatum have the capacity to divide and differentiate into neurons and astrocytes.Science 04/1992; 255(5052):1707-10. · 31.03 Impact Factor
Article: Telomere diseases.New England Journal of Medicine 03/2010; 362(12):1150. · 51.66 Impact Factor