Effect of two interventions on reducing antibiotic prescription in pharyngitis in primary care.
ABSTRACT to evaluate the effect of two interventions on reducing antibiotic prescription in pharyngitis.
a prospective, non-randomized, before-after controlled study was carried out in primary care centres throughout Spain. General practitioners (GPs) registered all cases of pharyngitis during a 3 week period before and after two types of intervention in 2008 and 2009, respectively. Full intervention consisted of discussion sessions of the results of the first registry, courses for GPs, guidelines, patient information leaflets, workshops on rapid tests and the use of rapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) in their consulting offices. The physicians in the partial intervention group underwent all the above intervention except for the workshop, and RADTs were not provided. A control group was also included in 2009. Multilevel logistic regression was performed considering the prescription of antibiotics as the dependent variable.
a total of 280 GPs registered cases with pharyngitis (70 partial intervention and 210 full intervention). Fifty-nine new physicians were included as a control group. A total of 6849 episodes of pharyngitis were registered. Antibiotic prescription was significantly lower after intervention for the full intervention group, but not for the partial intervention group. According to the multivariate model, in comparison with the control group, the odds ratio of antibiotic prescription after the intervention was 0.52 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.23-1.18] in the partial intervention group and 0.23 (95% CI 0.11-0.47) in the full intervention group.
intervention was beneficial for reducing the prescription of antibiotics, but was only statistically significant when the GPs were provided with RADTs.
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ABSTRACT: A variety of interventions have been developed to promote a more prudent use of antibiotics by implementing clinical guidelines. It is not yet clear which are most acceptable and feasible for implementation across a wide range of contexts. Previous research has been confined mainly to examining views of individual interventions in a national context. To explore GPs' views and experiences of strategies to promote a more prudent use of antibiotics, across five countries. Qualitative study using thematic and framework analysis in general practices in Belgium, France, Poland, Spain, and the UK. Fifty-two semi-structured interviews explored GPs' views and experiences of strategies aimed at promoting a more prudent use of antibiotics. Interviews were carried out in person or over the telephone, transcribed verbatim, and translated into English where necessary for analysis. Themes were remarkably consistent across the countries. GPs had a preference for interventions that allowed discussion and comparison with local colleagues, which helped them to identify how their practice could improve. Other popular components of interventions included the use of near-patient tests to reduce diagnostic uncertainty, and the involvement of other health professionals to increase their responsibility for prescribing. The study findings could be used to inform future interventions to improve their acceptability to GPs. Consistency in views across countries indicates the potential for development of an intervention that could be implemented on a European scale.British Journal of General Practice 05/2011; 61(586):e252-61. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate paediatric antibiotic prescription patterns in Italy in an extra-hospital setting at the national, regional, and Local Health Unit (LHU) level. Data sources were regional prescription databases. Eight Italian regions participated in the study providing data for the year 2008, with two exceptions (where the data for 2009 and 2006 were provided instead). A total of 4,828,569 children were included: 58% of the Italian population under 15 years old. Antibiotic prevalence rates, prescription rates and prescriptions distribution by class were evaluated at the regional and LHU levels. The correlation among mean latitude, Human Development Index (HDI), hospitalisation rate, satisfaction index for the National Health Service, number of paediatricians per 1,000 resident children and prevalence rate was evaluated by regions. The estimated pooled average prevalence rate was 50.5% (95%CI 45.7-55.3). Between-regions prevalence rates ranged from 42.6% to 62.1% and at the LHU level they ranged from 35.6% to 68.5%. There was a trend indicating that in southern regions antibiotics are more frequently prescribed than in the northern and central regions (Cochrane-Armitage test Z = -187.5 p < 0.0001). Overall, penicillin covered 53.1% of antibiotic prescriptions, with differences between regions ranging from 39.2% to 62.5%. A direct correlation was found between the prevalence rate and HDI (p = 0.031), while an inverse correlation was found with paediatricians per 1,000 resident children (p = 0.038). We found that relevant differences exist between the northern and the southern part of the country, and the heterogeneity among LHUs is higher. The greater use of antibiotics in the southern regions is related to lower HDI and does not seems to be justified by the higher prevalence of infectious diseases.European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 01/2012; 68(6):997-1005. · 2.74 Impact Factor