Recovering modified Newtonian dynamics by changing inertia

Source: arXiv


Milgrom's modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) has done a great job on
accounting for the rotation curves of a variety of galaxies by assuming that
Newtonian dynamics breaks down for extremely low acceleration typically found
in the galactic contexts. This breakdown of Newtonian dynamics may be a result
of modified gravity or a manifest of modified inertia. The MOND phenomena are
derived here based on three general assumptions: 1) Gravitational mass is
conserved; 2) Inverse-square law is applicable at large distance; 3) Inertial
mass depends on external gravitational fields. These assumptions not only
recover the deep-MOND behaviour, the accelerating expansion of the universe is
also a result of these assumptions. Then Lagrangian formulae are developed and
it is found that the assumed universal acceleration constant a0 is actually
slowly varying by a factor no more than 4. This varying 'constant' is just
enough to account for the mass-discrepancy presented in bright clusters.

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