An Essential Difference between the Flavonoids MonoHER and Quercetin in Their Interplay with the Endogenous Antioxidant Network

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.53). 11/2010; 5(11):e13880. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013880
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Antioxidants can scavenge highly reactive radicals. As a result the antioxidants are converted into oxidation products that might cause damage to vital cellular components. To prevent this damage, the human body possesses an intricate network of antioxidants that pass over the reactivity from one antioxidant to another in a controlled way. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the semi-synthetic flavonoid 7-mono-O-(β-hydroxyethyl)-rutoside (monoHER), a potential protective agent against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity, fits into this antioxidant network. This position was compared with that of the well-known flavonoid quercetin. The present study shows that the oxidation products of both monoHER and quercetin are reactive towards thiol groups of both GSH and proteins. However, in human blood plasma, oxidized quercetin easily reacts with protein thiols, whereas oxidized monoHER does not react with plasma protein thiols. Our results indicate that this can be explained by the presence of ascorbate in plasma; ascorbate is able to reduce oxidized monoHER to the parent compound monoHER before oxidized monoHER can react with thiols. This is a major difference with oxidized quercetin that preferentially reacts with thiols rather than ascorbate. The difference in selectivity between monoHER and quercetin originates from an intrinsic difference in the chemical nature of their oxidation products, which was corroborated by molecular quantum chemical calculations. These findings point towards an essential difference between structurally closely related flavonoids in their interplay with the endogenous antioxidant network. The advantage of monoHER is that it can safely channel the reactivity of radicals into the antioxidant network where the reactivity is completely neutralized.


Available from: Guido Haenen, Aug 05, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A trend in the general population has been observed in recent years regarding the orientation toward preventive measures in health; in this context the increased interest from the users and researchers concerning the active effect of food supplements on the health state and on longevity, is noticeable. All over the world, the consumption of natural foods and of vegetal supplements has increased spectacularly over the last 5-10 years. The decreased prevalence of cardio-vascular diseases associated with Mediterranean diet, as well as the French paradox convinced researchers to scientifically document the beneficial outcomes pointed out by traditional use of plants, and to try to develop supplements that would have the same positive effects as these noticed for diet components. The intense research dedicated to this topic revealed the fact that food supplements are linked to some problematic aspects, such as toxicological side effects when associated with classical synthetic drugs. The food supplement-drug interactions are submitted to complex issues regarding pharmacokinetic interactions leading to changes in absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion processes with direct impact on effect and toxicological potential. The present review based on recent literature aims at discussing the food-drug interactions with direct impact on efficacy and toxicity of drugs. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Toxicology Letters 05/2015; 236(3). DOI:10.1016/j.toxlet.2015.05.009 · 3.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Clinical Pharmacology &#38 Therapeutics 01/2011; 90(6):852. · 7.39 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anthracycline chemotherapy is often used in the treatment of various malignancies. Its application, however, encounters several limitations due to development of serious side effects, mainly cardiotoxicity and may be ineffective due to multidrug resistance (MDR). Many different compounds have been evaluated as poorly effective in the protection against anthracycline side effects and in the prevention from MDR. Thus, continuous investigational efforts are necessary to find valuable protectants and the flavonoid quercetin (Q) seems to be a promising candidate. It is present in relatively high amounts in a human diet and the lack of its toxicity, including genotoxicity has been confirmed. The structure of Q favours its high antioxidant activity, the potential to inhibit the activity of oxidative enzymes and to interact with membrane transporter proteins responsible for development of MDR, e.g. P-glycoprotein. Furthermore, Q can influence cellular signalling and gene expression, and thus, alter response to exogenous genotoxicants and oxidative stress in normal cells. It accounts for its chemopreventive and anticancer properties. Overall, these properties might indicate the possibility of application of Q as cardioprotectant during anthracycline chemotherapy. Moreover, numerous biological properties displayed by Q might possibly result in the reversal of MDR in tumour cells and improve the efficacy of chemotherapy. However, these beneficial effects towards anthracycline-induced complications of chemotherapy have to be further explored and confirmed both in animal and clinical studies. Concurrently, investigations aimed at improvement of the bioavailability of Q and further elucidation of its metabolism after application in combination with anthracyclines are needed.
    Biomedecine [?] Pharmacotherapy 10/2014; 68(8). DOI:10.1016/j.biopha.2014.10.013 · 2.11 Impact Factor