Article

Simultaneous multiresidue determination of 48 pesticides in Yeongsan and Sumjin River water using GC-NPD and confirmation via GC-MS.

Natural Products Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Biological Chemistry, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chonnam National University, 300 Yongbong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea.
Biomedical Chromatography (Impact Factor: 1.95). 11/2010; 25(1-2):155-63. DOI: 10.1002/bmc.1537
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In a continuation of our earlier work, a multiresidual analytical method using 48 frequently used neutral pesticides in a water matrix was developed and validated in this study. The samples were extracted with dichloromethane and the pesticides were analyzed via GC-NPD followed by confirmation with GC-MS. Good linearity was detected over a concentration range of 0.01-1.0 microg/mL with correlation coefficients (r(2) ) in excess of 0.982. The recoveries were measured between 70.7 and 111.4% for the majority of the targeted pesticides with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of less than 20%. The LODs and LOQs were in ranges of 0.1-2 and 0.33-6.6 microg/L, respectively. A total of 66 water samples were collected from different locations in Yeongsan and the Sumjin River, Republic of Korea, and were analyzed in accordance with the developed method. None of the water samples were determined to contain any of the targeted pesticides. The method has been shown to be simpler, faster, and more cost-effective than the method established by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

0 Bookmarks
 · 
79 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A reliable multiresidue method based on solid phase extraction was developed using GC-MS to determine and quantify 34 pesticides, including herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, and some of their degradation products, in groundwater in a vineyard region of La Rioja (northern Spain). Different parameters were optimized and good recoveries (65-108% range) and precisions (12-19% range) were achieved with spiked water samples for a concentration of 0.1 μg/L. The experimental results showed an excellent linearity (r(2) > 0.99) over the 0.1-1.5 μg/L range. The detection limits of the proposed method were 1-37 ng/L for most of the compounds studied. The methodology has been successfully applied to the analysis of groundwater samples from vineyard areas in La Rioja and the presence of pesticides, especially fungicides and herbicides, at several concentration levels was revealed. Terbuthylazine, its metabolite desethyl-terbuthylazine, and fluometuron were the pesticides most frequently detected in higher concentrations. Overall and taking into consideration the European Union maximum residue limit of pesticides in groundwater, 16 of the 34 compounds included in this study were detected in concentrations over that limit in at least one of the samples analyzed.
    Journal of Separation Science 12/2012; 35(24):3492-500. · 2.59 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
16 Downloads
Available from
Jun 2, 2014