Synthesis of Heterogeneous Li4Ti5O12 Nanostructured Anodes with Long-Term Cycle Stability

Ceramic Research & Development Division, Dongil Technology Ltd, #215-6, Bukyang-dong, Hwasung, 445-854 Korea
Nanoscale Research Letters (Impact Factor: 2.48). 10/2010; 5(10):1585-1589. DOI: 10.1007/s11671-010-9680-4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The 0D-1D Lithium titanate (Li(4)Ti(5)O(12)) heterogeneous nanostructures were synthesized through the solvothermal reaction using lithium hydroxide monohydrate (Li(OH)·H(2)O) and protonated trititanate (H(2)Ti(3)O(7)) nanowires as the templates in an ethanol/water mixed solvent with subsequent heat treatment. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) were used to reveal that the Li(4)Ti(5)O(12) powders had 0D-1D heterogeneous nanostructures with nanoparticles (0D) on the surface of wires (1D). The composition of the mixed solvents and the volume ratio of ethanol modulated the primary particle size of the Li(4)Ti(5)O(12) nanoparticles. The Li(4)Ti(5)O(12) heterogeneous nanostructures exhibited good capacity retention of 125 mAh/g after 500 cycles at 1C and a superior high-rate performance of 114 mAh/g at 20C.

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    • "The other strategy is to reduce the electron and Li-ion diffusion lengths by designing nanostructured Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 spinels [38] [39] [40], which also brings about other benefits such as large electrode/electrolyte interface for large Li-ion flow and high utilization of the electrode material. Various nanostructures of Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 , such as nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, and nanotubes, have been synthesized to improve the rate performance of Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 [41] [42] [43]. The two strategies can also be combined to achieve further enhancement in the rate performance of Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 . "
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