Prostatic stromal sarcoma with rhabdoid features
ABSTRACT Rhabdoid tumors have been reported in many different anatomic sites as an aggressive tumor and usually present with a rhabdoid tumor component (a composite tumor) rather than a pure rhabdoid tumor. Rhabdoid tumor in the prostate has been described only once in the prostatic region as a possible epithelial origin. Rhabdoid features in prostatic stromal sarcomas (PSSs) have never been described in the literature. Here, we report a case of a PSS with rhabdoid features. A 31-year-old man presented with a 4-month history of voiding difficulty and anal pain. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed an ovoid mass in the prostate invading rectum and urinary bladder. A needle biopsy was diagnosed as an unclassified spindle cell sarcoma, and 2 cycles of adriamycin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy were given, followed by radical prostatectomy. The prostatectomy specimen revealed a high-grade sarcoma with fascicles of highly cellular spindle cells and numerous mitoses with hemorrhage and necrosis. In areas, the tumor also contained sheets of loosely cohesive epithelioid cells with rhabdoid tumor component. Both spindle and rhabdoid tumor cells were positive for vimentin, CD34, and progesterone receptor and negative for desmin and cytokeratin immunostainings. The rhabdoid tumor cells retained INI1 expression. The tumor recurred in the bladder, and the patient died of sepsis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of PSS with rhabdoid features. The tumor showed an aggressive clinical behavior with a short-term survival (7 months after diagnosis).
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ABSTRACT: Prostatic stromal sarcoma (PSS) is quite rare. Herein, we describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of a PSS identified in a 26-year-old man with dysuria and hematuria. MRI clearly depicted the extent and multinodular appearance of the tumor, which was mainly located in the central zone of the prostate. The tumor appeared as a heterogeneously signal-hyperintense mass with a pseudocapsule on T2-weighted imaging. Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MRI showed necrotic portions in the gradually enhanced solid mass, and diffusion-weighted imaging permitted the accurate assessment of the local extent of the tumor. Thus, the appearance on MRI was quite different from that of adenocarcinoma of the prostate.Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 07/2011; 12(4):519-23. DOI:10.3348/kjr.2011.12.4.519 · 1.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Non-epithelial prostatic neoplasms are infrequent and cover a broad array of entities that include both benign and highly aggressive tumours. Because they are very infrequent, there is often limited understanding of them, and the recognition of these entities, when encountered, may pose a diagnostic challenge, owing to histological overlap between them or their rarity. Most lesions in this category are mesenchymal in origin, such as prostatic stromal tumours arising from specialized prostatic stroma, smooth muscle tumours, both benign and malignant, and solitary fibrous tumours. Less commonly occurring tumours include neural, germ cell and melanocytic tumours that may be derived from cells not normally present in the prostate. Some tumours have well-established extraprostatic counterparts and, when encountered, are more commonly extraprostatic/secondary in origin; these include gastrointestinal stromal tumours and most haematopoietic tumours. The majority of tumours are characterized by a spindle cell pattern with significant overlap in morphological features. In this setting, appropriate use of immunohistochemistry and molecular studies are often necessary for accurate diagnosis, prognosis, or prediction for therapy. This review addresses and updates the clinicopathological features of the entire spectrum of non-epithelial tumours with an approach to the histological diagnosis.Histopathology 01/2012; 60(1):166-86. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2559.2011.04020.x · 3.30 Impact Factor
- 01/2012; 2(1):55-62. DOI:10.4322/acr.2012.009