Article

Β-arrestin: a signaling molecule and potential therapeutic target for heart failure.

Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology (Impact Factor: 5.15). 11/2010; 51(4):534-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2010.11.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Currently, some of the most effective treatments for heart failure target GPCRs such as the beta-adrenergic receptors (β1AR and β2AR) and angiotensin II type IA receptors (AT1aR). Ligands for these receptors not only function by blocking the deleterious G-protein mediated pathway leading to heart failure, but also signal via G-protein independent pathways that involve receptor phosphorylation by G-protein receptor kinases (GRKs) leading to recruitment of the multifunctional protein, β-arrestin. Originally thought to play a role in GPCR desensitization and internalization, β-arrestin has recently been shown to mediate signaling independent of classical second messengers in a way that is often protective to the heart. The multi-functionality of β-arrestin makes it an intriguing molecule in the development of the next generation of drugs for cardiac diseases with the potential to simultaneously inhibit deleterious G-protein dependent pathways while activating beneficial β-arrestin mediated signaling. In this review, we explore various facets of β-arrestin signaling and offer a perspective on its potential role as a key signaling molecule in the treatment of heart failure. This article is part of a special issue entitled "Key Signaling Molecules in Hypertrophy and Heart Failure."

0 Bookmarks
 · 
105 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The headline success of targeting GPCRs in human diseases has masked the fact that many GPCR drug discovery programmes fail. This is despite a substantial increase in our understanding of GPCR pharmacology that has provided an array of ligands that target both orthosteric and allosteric sites as well as ligands that show stimulus bias. From this plethora of pharmacological possibilities, can we design ligand properties that would deliver maximal clinical efficacy with lowest toxicity? This may be achieved through animal models that both validate a particular GPCR as a target as well as revealing the signalling mechanisms that underlie receptor-mediated physiological and clinical responses. In this article, we examine recent novel transgenic models being employed to address this issue.
    Current opinion in cell biology 04/2014; 27C:117-125. · 14.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Relaxin, a new drug for heart failure therapy, exerts its cardiac actions through relaxin family peptide receptor 1 (RXFP1). Factors regulating RXFP1 expression remain unknown. We have investigated effects of activation of adrenoceptors (AR), an important modulator in the development and prognosis of heart failure, on expression of RXFP1 in rat cardiomyocytes and mouse left ventricles (LV).
    Cardiovascular drugs and therapy / sponsored by the International Society of Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy. 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: G protein-coupled receptors have been successfully targeted by numerous therapeutics including drugs that have transformed the management of cardiovascular disease. However, many GPCRs, when activated or blocked by drugs, elicit both beneficial and adverse pharmacology. Recent work has demonstrated that in some cases, the salutary and deleterious signals linked to a specific GPCR can be selectively targeted by "biased ligands" that entrain subsets of a receptor's normal pharmacology. This review briefly summarizes the advances and current state of the biased ligand field, focusing on an example: biased ligands targeting the angiotensin II type 1 receptor. These compounds exhibit unique pharmacology, distinct from classic agonists or antagonists, and one such molecule is now in clinical development for the treatment of acute heart failure.
    Trends in cardiovascular medicine 03/2013; · 4.37 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from