Las sales solubles en el deterioro de rocas monumentales. Revisión bibliográfica

Materiales de Construcción (Impact Factor: 0.79). 01/1994; DOI: 10.3989/mc.1994.v44.i235.579
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT This paper points out the importance of soluble salts in the deterioration/conservation of monumental stones. The most frequent salts in monuments as well as their sources are referred. A review of the damage caused by these salts and the developed mechanisms of deterioration is also included. Finally, the distinctive behaviour of each type of salt and their distribution on the walls of buildings is shown.Se resalta la importancia que las sales solubles tienen en el deterioro/conservación de las rocas monumentales. Se relacionan aquellas sales que con mayor frecuencia aparecen en los monumentos y la procedencia de las mismas. A su vez se lleva a cabo una revisión de los daños originados por dichas sales y de los mecanismos de alteración desarrollados. Finalmente, se indica el diferente comportamiento de cada tipo de sal y su distribución en las paredes de los edificios.

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    ABSTRACT: The effect of salt crystallization on granite (s.l) rocks used as building material in an urban environment with low atmospheric pollution was studied. The manners of salt crystallization and the subsequent deterioration caused were analyzed in unweathered granite and other fades which had undergone strong transformations in quarries before being used as stone materials, "alterites".Se estudia el efecto de la cristalización de sales solubles en rocas graníticas s.l empleadas como materiales de construcción, en ambiente urbano con baja contaminación atmosférica. Las formas en que cristalizan las sales y el deterioro asociado a su presencia son analizados en granitos sanos y en otras facies que han sufrido fuertes transformaciones en cantera previas a su empleo como materiales de construcción ("alteritas").
    Materiales de Construcción 01/1999; 49(253):17. · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study assesses the changes on the surface of crystalline stones due to salt crystallisation. Efflorescence was forced to grow on the surface of granite and marbles through 60 cycles of salt crystallisation with sodium sulphate. Changes on surface roughness, gloss and colour were measured every 15 cycles and the specimens were examined with naked eye and SEM. Sodium sulphate produces damage which depends on mineral composition. Results show that granites experience a mechanical decay with an increase in roughness. Peaks of mica can be observed on the surface and cracks widen and grow deeper. Colour and gloss do not show any significant change, although gloss decreases with an increase in surface roughness. In marbles, the decay is mainly chemical. Surface roughness increases due to dissolution of the calcite. White marbles exhibit yellowing. Gloss decreases during the first cycles—as grain boundaries become more visible—but tends to regain almost its initial value as the number of cycles increases. In this case, gloss does not show any relation with surface roughness.
    Environmental earth sciences 09/2012; · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    Materiales De Construccion - MATER CONSTR. 01/2008; 58.


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