Use of a Gluconobacter frateurii mutant to prevent dihydroxyacetone accumulation during glyceric acid production from glycerol.
ABSTRACT To prevent dihydroxyacetone (DHA) by-production during glyceric acid (GA) production from glycerol using Gluconobacter frateurii, we used a G. frateurii THD32 mutant, ΔsldA, in which the glycerol dehydrogenase subunit-encoding gene (sldA) was disrupted, but ΔsldA grew much more slowly than the wild type, growth starting after a lag of 3 d under the same culture conditions. The addition of 1% w/v D-sorbitol to the medium improved both the growth and the GA productivity of the mutant, and ΔsldA produced 89.1 g/l GA during 4 d of incubation without DHA accumulation.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Tartaric acid, malic acid, and glyceric acid were copolycondensed with glycolic acid at various molar ratios in feed to quickly synthesize biodegradable oligoesters. They were likely to have a moderately cross-linked structure with relatively low molecular weights and hydrophilic groups on the chains. In addition to macroscopic gels which were insoluble in any solvents, we could obtain the oligoesters which were insoluble in water but soluble in N,N-dimethylformamide. The degradation rate of the oligoesters was higher than that of lactic acid (LA) oligomers having molecular weights of a few thousands. On the contrary, their glass transition and flow temperatures were much higher than those of LA oligomers, indicating that their handling during the preparation of drug delivery dosage forms was much improved. The formulation of microspheres containing drugs from the oligoesters revealed that they were useful as biodegradable matrices having high degradation rates.Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 02/1996; 7(8):715-25. · 1.70 Impact Factor
- Science 04/1956; 123(3193):415-6. · 31.03 Impact Factor